Health & Fit Your Foolproof Guide to Treating and Preventing the Flu

02:55  28 november  2017
02:55  28 november  2017 Source:   Greatist

A Beginner's Guide to All Things Barbecue

  A Beginner's Guide to All Things Barbecue An illustrated guide to meat candy, and a lot of thoughts about Willie Nelson.1.

The flu season has begun. While the ubiquitous (and perhaps dreaded) flu shot is the best way to prevent getting sick, no one is completely immune. So it’s important for everyone to be well-informed and ready to fight off the plague.

READ THIS NEXT: Your Foolproof Guide to Treating and Preventing the Flu . CURRENTLY READING New Study Says Women Are Better at Fighting Off the Flu . Share.

Cover your mouth, disinfect your hands, and hide your children! The flu season has begun. While the ubiquitous (and perhaps dreaded) flu shot is the best way to prevent getting sick, no one is completely immune. So it’s important for everyone to be well-informed and ready to fight off the plague.

The Need-to-Know

a close up of a person talking on a cell phone © Provided by Greatist, Inc.

The sickness we all know by one term—“the flu”— can actually be caused by a number of different virus strains, each with their own specific traits. This year’s most prominent strain (so far) is called H3N2, says Martin S. Hirsch, M.D., a senior physician in the Infectious Diseases Service at the Massachusetts General Hospital and professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School.

New drug beats heart disease by reducing inflammation

  New drug beats heart disease by reducing inflammation About every 40 seconds, an American has a heart attack, and almost 15 percent of those heart attacks are fatal. As the leading cause of death in the U.S., heart disease has been the subject of thousands of studies in the last several decades, and breakthroughs in the last 50 years have been significant. First, diet, exercise, and smoking cessation were all proven to play an enormous role in heart health, helping physicians guide patients to less risky lifestyle choices.

Treating the flu . Unlike bacterial infections, the influenza virus is best treated with bed rest. While not completely foolproof , the flu vaccine can significantly decrease your risk for catching the flu . You can also prevent getting and spreading the flu by: avoiding contact with others who are sick.

Antiviral medications recommended for treating the flu in the United States include: Tamiflu (Oseltamivir), which is approved to prevent and treat certain flu infections in people as young as 2 weeks of age. The best flu treatment is prevention .

The H1N1 "swine flu" strain is still out there, but luckily, this year's flu vaccine was formulated to protect against four strains of the flu virus, including H1N1-like viruses, Hirsch says.

Afraid you’ve been infected? Flu symptoms typically include: fever (orjust feeling feverish or having chills), cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches, fatigue, vomiting, and diarrhea (more common in children). While most of those may sound similar to the common cold, watch out for the triad of feverish feelings, muscle aches, and cough, Hirsch says.

Looking for a tell-tale sign? The cough is especially characteristic—otherwise you may just be in common cold territory says Stephen Turner, M.D., medical director at Mount Sinai Brooklyn Heights.

Warning: If You’re Diabetic and Over 75, Your Doctor Could Be Over-Treating You—Here’s How

  Warning: If You’re Diabetic and Over 75, Your Doctor Could Be Over-Treating You—Here’s How Although staying on top of treatment is vital for diabetics, there comes a time when it can be a hindrance. Everyone with a diagnosis should know the key facts about diabetes—here are the silent signs of diabetes you might be missing. Now, researchers from Duke University, the University of Michigan, and VA hospitals from North Carolina and Michigan say that over-treatment of elderly diabetics may actually put them in danger.As reported on, a new study finds that taking too much medication can cause seniors to experience hypoglycemia. As blood sugar levels fall it can trigger dizziness and disorientation.

blog '' is not exists. The Ultimate Pressure Cooker Cookbook: More Than 85 Foolproof Irresistible

Your Foolproof Guide . The flu requires prescription medications to prevent complications, but apart from that, a cold, flu and allergies can be treated with over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines or decongestants, and plenty of rest and hydration.

Unfortunately, feeling fine (or just not terrible) doesn’t necessarily mean you’re in the clear, and neither is everyone around you. Turner says that it’s actually possible for a person to pass the flu to someone else before even knowing they’re sick. The infectious period typically begins one day before a person starts feeling sniffly and lasts up to a week after they’ve started showing symtoms.

Victory Over Virus — Your Action Plan

Whether you’re already sniffling or just want to prevent yourself from getting sick, here are our science-backed tips to help you stay healthy this flu season.

To Prevent Infection

1. Get a flu shot, and get it now.

Vaccine © Provided by Greatist, Inc. Vaccine

The CDCrecommends everyone older than 6 months get a flu vaccine, and Turner says it's particularly important for people older than 65, younger than 5, pregnant women, or anyone with asthma, emphysema, or chronic lung disease (i.e., those at a higher risk of complications if infected).

Curious About the Michelin Review Process?

  Curious About the Michelin Review Process? Michelin, that century-old dining guide, is peeling back the curtain on their restaurant review process with a cheeky new illustration. The vertical comic details how their team tests, selects, and compiles some of the world's best restaurants. To see the drawing on the organization's site, click here. Each year, the process involves nearly 500 people and comprises roughly five steps. First, the editor-in-chief prepares an itinerary for the regional inspectors. Then, inspectors, each with their own specialized region, visit and test various hotels and restaurants.

Flu Guide . Oseltamivir, which is taken by mouth, is approved for treating flu in those over 2 weeks of age and preventing flu in people one year of age and older.

Prevent , Treat , & Recover: A Flu Guide . Prevent the flu : Reduce Your Chances of Getting a Bug. Even the flu vaccine isn't foolproof . A recent study found the most common flu shot was effective in only 59 percent of people.

Effectiveness varies, though Hirsch says typically those who recieve the vaccine are about 50 to 70 percent less likely to need treatment for the flu later on. The flu shot can be found at many pharmacies or at the doctor’s offices, and it’s not too late to take it: The CDC says that people can (and should) get vaccinated as long as flu viruses are circulating (as early as October, and as late as May), but it takes about two weeks after recieving the vaccination for it to provide protection against the flu.

While Turner says it's important people have realistic expectations for the flu vaccine (it's not necessarily going to keep you from the flu altogether), the benefits vastly outweigh the pinprick of discomfort. "It doesn’t have to be 100 percent effective—maybe the duration of the illness is shortened, or the severity of the illness is shortened. Immunity is better than no immunity."

2. Get some shut-eye.

Studies suggest even a few days of not getting enough sleep can weaken the immune system. Get those seven to nine hours a night to keep that army of antibodies as strong as can be!

You Can Get a Free Krispy Kreme Donut on Halloween. Here’s How

  You Can Get a Free Krispy Kreme Donut on Halloween. Here’s How The bad news: if you’re reading this, you’re probably too old to trick-or-treat. The good news: Krispy Kreme will give you free sugar on Halloween anyway. That’s right—if you’re over 13 and you still have a sweet tooth, for one day only you can travel the town (well, depending how many Krispy Kremes your town has) asking random strangers for candy. Krispy Kreme has announced that costume-wearing patrons can collect a free doughnut of their choice on this Halloween. With a few exceptions, all Krispy Kremes in the U.S. and Canada will be participating.

blog '' is not exists. Protecting Your Assets (Laymans Law Guide ) epub pdf txt.

blog '' is not exists. Treating the Abusive Partner: An Individualized

3. Stay away from sick people.

(And stay away from healthy people if you’re sick.) The flu's mode of transmission is through the respiratory system, meaning that it enters either through the nose or the mouth of a person, says Justin Davis, M.D., chief of on-call medical services at FirstLine Medical. So if you're within three feet of someone half-heartedly covering their cough, the particles can get in you directly and infect you too.

4. Keep your hands off your face.

Touching an infected surface (such as a door knob, subway turnstile, or library table) and then touching your own mouth, eyes, or nose could transmit and cause sickness, Turner says. If you want to be particularly proactive (or have a sick roommate), he also advises taking a Lysol wipe to shared surfaces a few times a day.

5. Wash your hands.

  Your Foolproof Guide to Treating and Preventing the Flu © Provided by Greatist, Inc.

Use soap and warm water. If there isn’t a sink nearby, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer, which should help kill some of the creepy crawlies that wind up on our digits. And while the sanitizer is still fresh on your hands, grab your doorknob to kill any lurking germs, Davis says.

6. Stick to healthy foods.

Many of our favorite superfoods are packed with antioxidants and nutrients thought to strengthen immune systems and bolster health. (Need some inspiration? Check out these 30 Superfood Recipes.) Adequate protein is also important, says Greatist Expert Dr. Doug Kalman. Our immune systems are powered by protein, so maintaining a diet of at least 12 to 15 percent protein is key.

A Wisconsin Parent Found Meth in Their Child's Halloween Candy

  A Wisconsin Parent Found Meth in Their Child's Halloween Candy A parent found a small packet of methamphetamine amongst her child’s Halloween trick-or-treat candy in Keshena, on the Menominee Indian reservation in Wisconsin, police say. The child did not ingest the drugs, which were found by the parent in the early hours of Monday morning. However, police warned of the dangers the drug posed to both children and adults, and the tribe set up candy disposal sites in response to the event, according to ABC local news. They urged parents and children to hand in any candy collected on Sunday night.

blog '' is not exists. Organizing from the Inside Out for Teenagers: The Foolproof System for

Access has been denied. 06 21 thai bird flu prevention songs.

7. Work out!

Exercise can keep that immune system strong. One study linked regular moderate exercise to decreased risk of infection (when compared to a sedentary state). But that doesn’t mean it’s a great idea to set out on a 25-mile run if you're feeling under the weather: Other research suggests intense exercise can actually increase infection risk, so stick to moderate exercise if you feel the sneezes coming on. And yes, there is such thing as being too sick to work out: If you're just dealing with the sniffles or a sore throat, it should be safe to hit the gym, but if it's chest congestion, body aches, or a stomach bug that's got you down, it's probably best to hit the bench until you're feeling better. If you do opt for a sweat session, be sure to avoid germs at the gym too.

8. Stop smoking.

Smoking can hinder our respiratory systems (duh) and decrease immune response. In fact, one study found that controlling exposure to cigarette smoke is key to reducing the risk of flu infection in adults. Cigarette smoking and infection. Arcavi L, Benowitz NL. Archives of internal medicine, 2004, Dec.;164(20):0003-9926. (Yet another reason to quit smoking for your own health and the health of those around you!)

9. Stay hydrated.

Kalman stresses the importance of avoiding dehydration, since it can negatively impact the immune system.Staying properly hydrated is essential for a number of body functions, including proper transport of nutrients, body temperature regulation, and digestion, and it might also help ease decongestion. That said, drinking fluids hasn’t been scientifically proven to beatsickness in one swoop, so don’t rely on it as a cure-all.

Getting a flu shot every year could help prevent severe cases in older adults

  Getting a flu shot every year could help prevent severe cases in older adults Getting a flu vaccine every year could reduce the severity of the virus in older adults, aged 65 and over, as well as reducing hospital admissions, according to new research published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. A team of Spanish researchers studied the effect of repeated influenza vaccination in a sample of people aged 65 and over admitted to 20 Spanish hospitals during the winters of 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.

Because virus is rampant in Utah, I've compiled a couple of lists to help you prevent or treat the flu . Everyone has a " foolproof " home remedy for that cold, fever, or sore throat. Skip the experiments and listen to a nurse!

Here’s your foolproof guide to combatting chafe like a boss: Before your run, apply a lubricant specifically designed for skin chafing in sensitive areas, like Body Glide (, 1.5 ounces, The Best Practices For Preventing And Treating Ankle Injuries.

If You Get Sick

1. Stay home.

Sick © Provided by Greatist, Inc. Sick

According to the CDC, people are generally contagious the day before symptoms start and for at least five days after getting sick. If you don’t feel 100 percent, quarantine yourself for the good of all humanity. And for the good of your roommate, avoid the shared hand towels—Davis says it only takes one exposure to infect someone.

2. Consider an antiviral drug.

If you’re sick as a dog and need more relief than a bottle of ginger ale and some unsalted crackers can provide, talk to your doctor about getting a prescription for an antiviral drug to help reduce symptoms and shorten the “really freakin’ sick” time by a day or two (they can also help prevent serious flu-related complications, like pneumonia). While it's best to start them within two days of getting sick, they can still give relief if taken later on—it's never too late.

And if your roommate is stricken, don't hesitate to call your doctor and explain the situation—Turner says that if you take an antiviral once a day for 10 days, it can significantly decrease your chances of getting the flu.

3. Take a pain reliever.

Over-the-counter meds like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) can help lower fever.

4. Get plenty of rest.

Sleep deficiency can weaken the immune system, which doesn’t exactly speed up recovery time (especially when we’re already sick). Keep aiming for those seven to nine hours a night (or more!) to help the body fight off sickness.

5. Drink lots of fluids.

Lemon and Ginger Tea © Provided by Greatist, Inc. Lemon and Ginger Tea

It’s easy to get dehydrated thanks to a fever, excessive sweating, or vomiting. Drink lots of fluids—including warm ones (Yes, chicken soup counts—and here are 31 of our favorite recipes!). Water or tea is great, but if you're vomiting or have a high fever, it may be smart to replenish electrolytes with a sports drink or electrolyte-enhanced drink such as Pedialyte too.

6. Don't risk it.

If symptoms persist or get worse (or if you have any other personal reason for concern), head to the doctor. When you're unsure, it's always best to consult a medical professional.

Slideshow: 15 simple ways to fend off colds and flu (Provided by Cheapism) 

PREVENTIVE MEASURES: <p>No one is immune to being laid low during cold and flu season. Dry winter weather and enclosed spaces create breeding grounds for germs, and coming down with boost your immunity and stay healthy by following these painless and inexpensive tips.

" src="/upload/images/real/2017/11/28/preventive-measures-p-no-one-is-immune-to-being-laid-low-during-cold-and-flu-season-dry-winter-weath_223800_.jpg" />
15 Simple Ways to Fend Off Colds and Flu

United Airlines saves 170,000 gallons of fuel by printing inflight magazine on lighter paper .
United Airlines has lightened the load on its flights – and wallets – by using lighter paper to produce its inflight magazine. The carrier said it has started printing the magazine, Hemisphere, on light paper, cutting one ounce from each magazine and bringing it down to 6.85 ounces, the LA Times reports.The major U.S. airline has more than 4,500 flights a day across 744 mainline planes. On average, the new magazine will shave about 11 pounds of paper weight off each flight.The minimal reduction will amount to huge savings in cost, however.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

This is interesting!