Health & Fit An antibiotic-resistant strain of 'super gonorrhea' is spreading around the globe

18:16  17 may  2018
18:16  17 may  2018 Source:   businessinsider.com

The crisis of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is worsening and we are all at risk

  The crisis of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is worsening and we are all at risk The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that at least 2 million illnesses per year in the United States are caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. A soldier is wounded by a roadside bomb. His serious injuries are survivable, but the wound is infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the soldier dies from the infection. A severely premature infant is growing and gaining strength, but she gets a drug-resistant lung infection that spreads to her blood and she dies. A fit teenager gets a cut on a hike.

Antibiotic - resistant " Super Gonorrhea " has world health officials very worried. The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued a worldwide alert warning of a new drug- resistant strain of Gonorrhea that's fast spreading around the globe .

The World’s First Case of Drug- Resistant ‘ Super Gonorrhea ’ Has Been Confirmed. Still, even as gonorrhea strains begin to evade certain antibiotics , doctors have usually been able “This report is one more confirmation of our greatest fear: drug- resistant gonorrhea spreading around the globe

Gonorrhea bigger © Provided by Business Insider Gonorrhea bigger

  • The first three cases of 'super gonorrhea' were recorded earlier this year.
  • Super gonorrhea doesn't respond to the antibiotics normally used to treat the disease.
  • Other antibiotic-resistant superbugs are spreading around the world.

A strain of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea has arrived — the first three cases were recorded between February and April of this year. 

Two Australian men and one British man contracted the sexually transmitted infection in Southeast Asia, likely after engaging in unprotected sex, according to the European Center for Disease Control (ECDC). The 'super gonorrhea' strain, a bug called Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is highly difficult to treat given its resistance to the antibiotics that are often used to treat the infection.

Global use of antibiotics soars as resistance crisis worsens

  Global use of antibiotics soars as resistance crisis worsens The change was largely driven by a dramatic increase in low-income and middle-income countries, researchers found In recent years, antibiotic resistance has risen to dangerously high levels in all parts of the world. Yet despite this growing health crisis, new research shows worldwide use of antibiotics skyrocketed between 2000 and 2015, largely driven by dramatic increases in low-income and middle-income countries.An international team of researchers conducted the study, which found that antibiotic consumption rates soared 39 percent over the course of the 15-year period. Worldwide, usage increased from 11.

Scientists are seeking alternative treatment methods as drug- resistant gonorrhea is spreading rapidly around the world. In July, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that around the globe If a person gets a resistant strain of gonorrhea today, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they won’t ever

Scientists have discovered a new strain of gonorrhea -causing bacteria in Japan that is resistant to available treatments. But unlike hospital-acquired MRSA and VRE, which spread where antibiotic use runs high and immune defenses run low, super gonorrhea could spread anywhere.

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that's the second most commonly diagnosed STI in the world. Symptoms include painful urination and abnormal discharge in both women and men, as well as painful or swollen testicles in men and lower abdomen pain and irregular menstruation in women. Some people, however, may carry gonorrhea without showing any symptoms. 

There was a total of 468,514 gonorrhea cases in the US alone in 2016, according to the Center for Disease Control

Gonorrhea is normally treated with one of two commonly used antibiotics: azithromycin or ceftriaxone. Getting treatment for the infection is one of the best ways to prevent the spread of the disease, according to the ECDC. Leaving it untreated, however, can lead to serious complications like pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and increased risk of HIV transmission (not to mention the possibility of spreading it to other people). 

Antibiotics consumption soars, fueling fears over superbugs

  Antibiotics consumption soars, fueling fears over superbugs Global consumption of antibiotics has soared since the year 2000, stoking calls for new policies to rein in usage -- and fueling fears that the worldwide threat posed by drug-resistant superbugs will spiral out of control, researchers say. A study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) -- based on sales data for 76 countries -- shows that consumption of antibiotics increased 65 percent from 2000 to 2015, driven by users in low- and middle-income countries.

Doctors and scientists have warned for years that gonorrhea is becoming more resistant to the antibiotics used to treat it. "This report is one more confirmation of our greatest fear: drug- resistant gonorrhea spreading around the globe

And as a superbug, gonorrhea is particularly super . Resistant strains have now emerged against every class of antibiotic and doctors are down ** Gonorrhea has been a part of the human condition for thousands of years. Its treatment, on the other hand, has only been around for less than 90.

The infected British man is now undergoing treatment with an experimental drug called ertapenem that's usually used to treat infections after colon and rectal surgery. He reportedly has a girlfriend back home in the UK, but his partner hasn't tested positive for the disease, reports National Geographic

FILE PHOTO: An Anopheles stephensi mosquito obtains a blood meal from a human host through its pointed proboscis in this undated handout photo obtained by Reuters November 23, 2015. A known malarial vector, the species can found from Egypt all the way to China. REUTERS/Jim Gathany/CDC/Handout via Reuters © Provided by Business Insider FILE PHOTO: An Anopheles stephensi mosquito obtains a blood meal from a human host through its pointed proboscis in this undated handout photo obtained by Reuters November 23, 2015. A known malarial vector, the species can found from Egypt all the way to China. REUTERS/Jim Gathany/CDC/Handout via Reuters The super gonorrhea is one of many diseases that's becoming increasingly able to resist traditional antibiotics. In some parts of Southeast Asia, mosquitoes carry a strain of malaria that's becoming more resistant to treatment. And in some cases, superbugs  — like MRSA, a type of staph infection — are untreatable, leaving doctors with few options for patients.

First Case Of Drug-Resistant Super Gonorrhea Emerges

  First Case Of Drug-Resistant Super Gonorrhea Emerges After experts warned drugs against gonorrhea were becoming ineffective, the first case of absolute resistance to first-line therapy has been reported in England.On 27 March 2018, the first case of a highly drug-resistant form of gonorrhea was reported in the UK. Public Health England issued a warning stating that a British man had been infected with a case of "super" gonorrhea, named as such because the bacteria had shown complete resistance to the recommended dual first-line therapy.

A strain of gonorrhea that is resistant to the disease's only remaining treatment, cephalosporin antibiotics , has officials at the World Health Organization warning doctors around the world to step up their efforts to stop the disease. “But we can limit the spread .”

Scientists fear spread of antibiotic - resistant strain Antibiotic - resistant bacteria found in 4-million-year-old cave WHO: Antibiotic overuse so prevalent "We do fear that based on what we are hearing around the world, we will see cephalosporin-resistant gonorrhea ," Dr. Gail Bolan, director of STD

Superbugs can also spread their genes to other bacteria as they evolve, according to the CDC. According to some studies, antibiotic-resistant bugs could lead to 10 million deaths by 2050 if doctors and policymakers cannot figure out a way to address the problem. 

Fears over drug-resistant infections have led to stricter regulations on feeding antibiotics to livestock and have spurred pharmaceutical companies and doctors to research novel approaches to treatment, though far more work is needed.

Gallery: STDs you might already have without knowing it (courtesy Prevention)   An antibiotic-resistant strain of 'super gonorrhea' is spreading around the globe 4 STDs You Might Already Have Without Knowing It


Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis Rates Hit New High In California .
STD cases in California have increased by 45 percent compared to five years ago while chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis reach highest numbers since the 1980s. According to a recent report, sexually transmitted disease (STD) diagnoses reached record highs in the state of California in 2017. Released by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), the data revealed a 45 percent increase in cases compared to data from five years ago."STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics," said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith.

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