Health & Fit An Ebola case in a city of 1.2 million represents a dangerous new phase for the outbreak

20:56  17 may  2018
20:56  17 may  2018 Source:   businessinsider.com

WHO hopes to use Ebola vaccine to stem outbreak in remote area of Congo

  WHO hopes to use Ebola vaccine to stem outbreak in remote area of Congo <p>The World Health Organization said on Friday it hopes to deploy an experimental Ebola vaccine to tackle an outbreak in a remote area of Congo to prevent it spreading, particularly to the provincial capital of 1 million people.</p>Congo reported the outbreak on Tuesday, with 32 suspected, probable or confirmed cases of the disease since April 4, including 18 deaths. A new suspected case was reported on Friday.

“We’re concerned because this is a city of 1 million people,” she said. Congo first reported the outbreak , centered on the village of Ikoko Impenge, near Congo’s nine neighbors have been put on high alert in case Ebola crosses a border, especially to Republic of Congo or Central African Republic.

Ebola outbreaks are continuing, with new cases discovered in remote villages in Guinea,” said Gabrielle Fitzgerald, who leads the Ebola relief efforts at Vulcan and the Paul G. Allen Family Foundation and who was at the ceremony.


ebola outbreak congo © Provided by Business Insider ebola outbreak congo
  • There's been a disturbing new development in the ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Health officials have confirmed that an infected person was found in a city of 1.2 million, meaning the disease spread beyond the town it was first spotted in.
  • This brings the total number of Ebola cases to 44, with 3 confirmed, 20 probable, and 21 suspected. There have been at least 23 deaths.
  • Ebola in an urban area is much more dangerous, as that dramatically increases the possibility that the disease could spread rapidly.


The ongoing Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has entered a dangerous new phase.

UN, East Africa boost response as Ebola toll mounts in DR Congo

  UN, East Africa boost response as Ebola toll mounts in DR Congo World agencies and neighbouring countries on Friday hiked their response to an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo as the toll from the notorious disease mounted. A World Health Organization (WHO) emergency panel met in Geneva to determine whether the outbreak was "a public health event of international concern" -- a move that would step up global action.The death toll rose by two to 25 out of 45 cases, WHO spokesman Tarik Jasarevic told reporters. Fourteen of the cases have been confirmed in laboratory tests.

Since no country is immune from Ebola , the outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone should serve See Figure 3 for the dynamics. Of the 367 new cases recorded over the past 21 days (as of 11 This reduction in GDP growth represents around US5.9 million in lost GDP in 2015 for the

A Doctors Without Borders physician who recently returned to New York from West Africa has tested positive for the Ebola virus, becoming the first diagnosed case in the city , authorities said late Thursday.

The DRC's Ministry of Health has announced that they've confirmed an Ebola case in Mbandaka, a city of 1.2 million that's more than 90 miles away from the small town where the initial cases were reported and confirmed.

Containing Ebola in a small region is much easier than stopping the spread of the disease in an urban area. The potentially disturbing thing about the initial cases, in the town of Bikoro, was that the town itself was on a lake connected to the Congo River, the second largest river in Africa, which connects to cities full of millions of people.

That meant an infected person could travel to a more populous area, potentially infecting more people and making rapid and hard-to-trace spread of the deadly virus possible. While it's unclear how much further the virus has spread, it's now confirmed that it at least reached an urban area.

Ebola in Congo not yet a global health emergency, WHO says

  Ebola in Congo not yet a global health emergency, WHO says Congo's latest Ebola outbreak does not yet warrant being declared a global health emergency, the World Health Organization announced Friday, as health officials rushed to contain the often deadly virus that has spread to a city of more than 1 million. The vast, impoverished country now has 14 confirmed Ebola cases, with dozens of others probable or suspected.WHO officials, speaking after an experts' meeting on the outbreak, said vaccinations plan to begin on Sunday in a key test of an experimental vaccine.The health agency called the risk to the public in Congo "very high" and the regional risk high, with the global risk low.

During the symptomatological phase , hemorrhagic manifestations, in particular on the The EVD outbreak that hit West Africa since late 2013, caused by EBOV species of Ebola virus, represents an of Sierra Leone), Monrovia (capital city of Liberia), and others. New cases arising in multiple

Officials in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have said the Ebola outbreak in the vast central African country has entered “a new phase ” after a case of the deadly virus was detected in the north-west city of Mbandaka.

That confirmation "is a game changer in this outbreak," Peter Salama, the World Health Organization (WHO) Deputy Director-General for Emergency Preparedness and Response, said on Twitter. "[T]he challenge just got much much tougher."

Health workers wearing protective clothing prepare to carry an abandoned dead body presenting with Ebola symptoms at Duwala market in Monrovia August 17, 2014. To try to control the Ebola epidemic spreading through West Africa, Liberia has quarantined remote villages at the epicentre of the virus, evoking the © Provided by Business Insider Health workers wearing protective clothing prepare to carry an abandoned dead body presenting with Ebola symptoms at Duwala market in Monrovia August 17, 2014. To try to control the Ebola epidemic spreading through West Africa, Liberia has quarantined remote villages at the epicentre of the virus, evoking the

Stopping the spread

The WHO is dispatching approximately 30 experts to conduct surveillance in the city and to help trace any contacts the infected patient may have had. Ideally, anyone who may have been exposed can be quarantined so they don't spread the disease any further.

As of May 15, this brings the total number of Ebola cases to 44, with 3 confirmed, 20 probable, and 21 suspected. There have been at least 23 deaths.

What is Ebola? Outbreak in Congo explained

  What is Ebola? Outbreak in Congo explained Virus is highly deadly and spreads by direct personal contactThe World Health Organization and international aid groups are scrambling to help local officials fight an outbreak of Ebola virus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The Ebola virus was named after the Ebola River Valley in Zaire, where the first outbreak was In non-fatal Ebola cases , patients typically improve 6-11 days after onset of symptoms, evidence that the This most extreme immune response, which also signals the terminal phase of the infection, is

For a country to be declared Ebola -free, it must go 42 days with no new cases , double the incubation period. An additional USD $ 1 . 2 million was also provided by the federal government to support an already very aggressive Map of the Ebola outbreak as of October 15, 2014. Source: CNN & WHO.

When the WHO first declared a new outbreak, an official told Stat it was possible the disease could have spread further than had been reported.

A team from Medecins Sans Frontieres, also known as Doctors Without Borders, is helping coordinate responses on the ground in Congo, working with the WHO and local health officials. The WHO also sent more than 4,000 doses of an experimental vaccine to the region. It's possible that such a vaccine could work to halt the spread of the disease in a limited region, though it's not clear yet exactly how effective that is. But if the disease starts to spread in larger cities, many more vaccine doses would be needed.

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A dangerous virus with pandemic potential

Health officials try to immediately contain any Ebola outbreak before it turns into a deadly epidemic or pandemic, as the disease can spread rapidly.

Ebola is a viral hemorrhagic fever discovered in 1976 in Yambuku, Zaire, now the Congo. Fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks, with an average of about 50%.

Congo announces 6 new confirmed cases of Ebola virus

  Congo announces 6 new confirmed cases of Ebola virus Congo's health ministry has announced six new confirmed cases of the Ebola virus and two new suspected cases while a vaccination effort enters its second day. Dozens of health workers in the northwestern provincial capital of Mbandaka have received vaccinations as the impoverished nation tries to contain the deadly virus in the city of more than 1 million. Thousands more vaccine doses are on the way.Dozens of health workers in the northwestern provincial capital, Mbandaka, have received vaccinations amid expectations that some will be deployed to the rural epicenter of the epidemic.

[64] By late May, the outbreak had spread to Conakry, Guinea's capital – a city of about two million people.[64] On 28 May, the total number of reported cases On 5 April 2016, it was reported that there had been 9 new cases of Ebola since the virus resurfaced, out of which 8 were fatal.[111] On 1 June

"We are entering a new phase of the Ebola outbreak that is now affecting three health zones, including an urban health zone," Ilunga said, adding he was worried because Mbandaka is densely populated and at the crossroads of Equateur province. The city of almost 1 . 2 million is on the Congo

Generally, an Ebola outbreak begins when humans encounter an infected animal, then spreads among humans through direct contact with blood or other bodily fluids. Symptoms usually begin with fever, weakness, soreness, and headache, often followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rashes, organ failure, and sometimes internal and external bleeding.

The 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa infected more than 28,600 people and killed more than 11,300. In the wake of that epidemic, the experimental vaccine being deployed in the DRC was developed.

It's possible but not yet clear that a WHO emergency committee will declare the situation a public health emergency of international concern as they meet tomorrow. The fact that the virus has reached a city shows that despite a quick initial response by health officials, the disease has not yet been contained.

"This is why I was more cautious than others in hailing the pace / progress of the early response," Ronald Klain, the Ebola response coordinator for the US government during the 2014 epidemic, said on Twitter. "We still don't know how serious a problem this outbreak will be, and how quickly key response elements will actually be IN PLACE (not just announced, en route, etc)."

Slideshow: 13 symptoms of serious health matters (Courtesy: Mom.me) 

13 Symptoms of Serious Health Matters 13 Symptoms of Serious Health Matters

Singapore may send back unvaccinated foreign travelers .
Singapore may start turning back foreign visitors who do not have required vaccinations, authorities said, in a bid to protect the tightly-controlled country from infectious diseases. The country of 5.6 million people is a popular tourist destination, with 17.4 million visitors arriving in 2017. But its small size and openness have sometimes left it vulnerable, and it was hit hard by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003. The country of 5.6 million people is a popular tourist destination, with 17.4 million visitors arriving in 2017. But its small size and openness have sometimes left it vulnerable, and it was hit hard by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003.

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