Health & Fit Parasites and bacteria may be lurking in hotel pools, hot tubs, CDC warns

21:51  17 may  2018
21:51  17 may  2018 Source:   cnn.com

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MSN Heath & Fitness writes that according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ), a parasite called "Cryptosporidium" is the culprit behind the rise of recreational pools and hot tubs Apple iPhone 8 Might Face 'Severe Shortages' During Its September Launch, Says Apple Analyst.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) shows that swimming in public pools , soaking in hot tubs , and going into the water at beaches comes In cases where illnesses came as a result of untreated recreational water (i.e. swimming in lakes and oceans), 23% were caused by E. coli bacteria .

a group of people swimming in a pool of water © The Resort Over a 15-year period, 493 disease outbreaks linked to chlorinated or treated water were reported in 46 states and Puerto Rico, a new CDC report indicates.

Hotels set the stage for nearly a third of all disease outbreaks in the United States linked to chlorinated or treated water -- such as pools and hot tubs -- between 2000 and 2014, according to a new government report. During that 15-year period, a total of 493 outbreaks linked to treated recreational water were reported in 46 states and Puerto Rico, the report indicates.

The report defines an outbreak as similar illnesses occurring in two or more people that are linked by location and time to a particular body of treated water.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued a warning about a particularly nasty gastrointestinal illness that sounded That includes swimming pools , water parks, water playgrounds, hot tubs and spas. Outbreaks are due in part to the parasite ’s “extreme chlorine tolerance.”

The more crowded public pools and hot tubs are , the most dangerous they can become. This one is probably common knowledge to most pool -goers, but just in case – the CDC warns that dangerous bacteria can enter the body through an open wound, and the risk of spreading bacteria to other

All told, these outbreaks caused at least 27,219 illnesses and eight deaths, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Thursday Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

The culprits: parasites and bacteria. More than half (58%) of the outbreaks with a confirmed source were caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium, commonly called Crypto, which can survive even in well-maintained pools and can give swimmers gastrointestinal illness and diarrhea.

At least six of the eight deaths and 16% of the illnesses could be attributed to bacterial Legionella, which causes Legionnaires' disease, a severe pneumonia, and Pontiac fever, a milder flu-like illness. 

'Don't drink the water'

a chair sitting in front of a pool of water © shutterstock Another type of bacteria, Pseudomonas, which can cause folliculitis ("hot tub rash") and otitis externa ("swimmers' ear"), sickened nearly 13% of those enjoying recreational waters.

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Updated: Tue 12:34 PM, May 23, 2017. MARIETTA, Ohio (WTAP) - Cryptosporidium, or crypto, is a parasite that has been linked to public pools and water parks. With Memorial Day weekend quickly approaching the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention wants you to be aware of its dangers.

A hardy parasite has led federal health officials to warn pool goers to be careful in the water this summer. Outbreaks related to pools , hot tubs Michele Hlavsa, chief of the CDC 's Healthy Swimming Program, said the parasite is particularity troubling due to how long it can live in treated water.

Both Legionella and Pseudomonas can withstand disinfectants.

What's a swimmer or parent of swimmers to do?

"The advice is pretty standard no matter who you are," said Michele Hlavsa, lead author of the report and chief of the CDC's Healthy Swimming Program. "Once in the water, don't drink the water you swim in."

Still, she added that, even though this simple step can protect you against some germs, it does not protect you against everything in recreational waters.

"Also, before you get into the water, check out the inspection scores," Hlavsa said. Just like restaurants, public swimming pools are scored by inspectors, and many will post their scores either online or near the swimming facility itself.

Hlavsa, herself a mom, advocates for do-it-yourself water testing as well. After all, hotels, community pools and recreational hot spots probablyare not checking their water every day, and pool chemistry changes all the time. Pool supply stores and big box stores sell inexpensive test strips, which test for chlorine and pH, she says. If levels are unsafe, as indicated on the CDC website, don't swim.

The CDC Makes It Official: Public Pools Are Disgusting

  The CDC Makes It Official: Public Pools Are Disgusting From 2000 to 2014, a number of "diarrheal incidents" led to thousands of pool-goers getting sick.The health agency revealed its findings in their Mortality and Morbidity Report, which explains why pools are ground zero for bacteria. Between 2000 and 2014, the CDC traced 493 outbreaks and over 27,000 cases of illness that could be connected to exposure to a public pool. The primary culprit was Cryptosporidium, a parasite found in feces that causes intestinal distress. The determined little bugs can survive for up to seven days after encountering the CDC’s recommended levels of one to three parts per million (PPM) of free chlorine.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) issued a report Thursday " We ' re talking pools , spas, hot tubs -- not in ponds and lakes, where we'd think these sort of things would usually proliferate." Harmful bacteria was also found lurking in lakes and oceans throughout the country.

Plus, the more the swimming pools and hot tubs are used, the stronger the byproducts. Now, here are some other things that might be lurking in public swimming pool water: Feces: The CDC states that the average swimmer contributes at least 0.14 grams of fecal matter to pool water

As expected, more than half (56%) of all outbreaks happened from June through August, the CDC reports. When the sun heats the water, germs can flourish. 

'Basic hygiene' is prescribed

Annual outbreaks caused by Legionella increased by 13% over the 15-year study period. However, Crypto and Pseudomonas present something of a silver lining.

While outbreaks caused by crypto increased 25% a year during 2000-06, the upward trend stopped after that, Hlavsa said. "Still, we saw a doubling of Crypto outbreaks for the single year 2016," she said. Meanwhile, the annual number of Pseudomonas folliculitis outbreaks decreased by an average of 22% per year.

Finally, two out of every 10 routine inspections of public hot tubs or spas during a single year (2013) -- about 2,773 of the total 13,864 inspections -- indicated improper concentrations of disinfectant, according to the report authors.

"Any child or adult having diarrhea should simply not be in a pool, hot tub or water playground," said Dr. Robert Glatter, an emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York.

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According to a recent warning issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ), the number of water-based bacteria cases is on the rise. The latest concern involves a pool parasite named Cryptosporidium.

Bacteria - E. Coli. The CDC released a new study about what's lurking in the pool water. Recreational water illnesses (RWIs) are caused by germs that are spread by swallowing contaminated water present in swimming pools , hot tubs , water parks, lakes, and oceans.

Glatter, who was not involved in the report, added that when it comes to Crypto, most people with a healthy immune system will not require treatment even if they become sick.

In some cases, supportive care, including plenty of fluids plus medication to treat nausea as needed, will be enough. In other cases, especially involving people who are immunocompromised, they may need treatment such as an antiparasitic medication, Glatter said.

"The message is simple: Keep your children out of the pool or hot tub if they are having diarrhea. We are talking about preventing an illness by prescribing basic hygiene," Glatter said. "If Crypto is confirmed, it's essential to remain out of the water for two weeks."

Hlavsa said the new report is simply an opportunity to get the message out: Check and test the water before diving in, and never drink it: "We are by no means saying not to swim."

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