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Health & Fit How Teenage Vaping Puts Structure in Place for Heroin and Cocaine Addiction

18:02  13 june  2018
18:02  13 june  2018 Source:   usnews.com

Is your teen 'juuling'? Why parents and doctors are so worried

  Is your teen 'juuling'? Why parents and doctors are so worried 'Juuling' is a hit with teenagers and a big concern for families and doctors. Here's what you need to know.Teens are crazy about "juuling," but like many parents, Dr. Jenni Levy didn't realize her own 18-year-old daughter was doing it.

How to customize WAFB content. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Teen girl tries e-cigarette with her friend: Smoking among teens has decreased – because teens are vaping nicotine instead. © (Getty Images) Smoking among teens has decreased – because teens are vaping nicotine instead. The rapid adoption of e-cigarettes has been driven, at least in part, by a huge jump in the potency of e-liquids.

Cigarette smoking among teenagers is on the wane. While data show smoking among teenagers has dropped over the past few years, it's not all good news. Teenagers are vaping nicotine instead. One in 8 – or 12 percent of – teenagers in New Jersey have tried e-cigarettes and/or hookah at least once. When cigarette smoking and nicotine vaping are added together, nicotine use may actually have increased. The rapid adoption of e-cigarettes has been driven, at least in part, by the huge jump in the potency of e-liquids (both nicotine and marijuana) used in vapes. Nicotine and marijuana act on the brain in ways similar to other substances of abuse and prime the brain for addiction to other potent drugs down the road.

FDA cracks down on Juul sales to kids

  FDA cracks down on Juul sales to kids <p>The Food and Drug Administration has launched what it calls a "blitz" to stop convenience stores and other retailers from selling e-cigarettes to underage kids.</p>The Food and Drug Administration has launched what it calls a "blitz" to stop convenience stores and other retailers from selling e-cigarettes to underaged kids.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Exponential Jump in E-Liquid Potency

Part of the reason for the adoption of e-cigarettes by teenagers is the exponential jump in the potency of e-liquids (nicotine and marijuana) used in vapes. E-liquid products like JUUL contain nearly 50 milligrams of nicotine per milliliter of liquid, whereas a cigarette has about 12 milligrams of nicotine. THC content in liquid concentrates, used in vapes, can range between 50 and 90 percent, as compared to 20 percent in marijuana. Vaping high-concentration marijuana can deliver a more intense high, but it can also lead to addiction.

Vaping Lays the Foundation for Addiction

Many people think smoking an e-cigarette is not nearly as bad as smoking a real one, but they're not completely correct. Although vaping eliminates fumes from paper and associated chemicals, a big concern is that nicotine is very addictive (it releases dopamine, like other drugs).

FDA lets vaping flourish as it eyes crackdown on cigarettes

  FDA lets vaping flourish as it eyes crackdown on cigarettes FDA officials say the goal is to spur innovation of products that may be less harmful for adults, but health advocates are skeptical. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is giving wide leeway to electronic cigarettes as it attempts to push people away from traditional tobacco products.In the last year, the agency has taken initial steps to place further curbs on traditional cigarettes even as it has eased new rules on the vaping industry that were issued by the Obama administration.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

"Vaping" has already progressed from nicotine to marijuana, and concentration of nicotine and THC (per milliliter of liquid) has increased dramatically. Like more potent drugs, nicotine and marijuana stimulate the release of more dopamine in the brain, the "feel good" neurotransmitter. Chronic use of these substances will cause the brain to reduce the natural release of dopamine and an increasing amount of these substances will be needed in order to get the same "dopamine-release" response from the brain. This change in the reward pathways in the brain leads to addiction.

This increases the likelihood that these users will eventually "graduate" to more potent substances in order to quench their cravings or obtain a high. A study showed that 25 percent of teenagers who use e-cigarettes progressed to smoking pot, compared to 12.5 percent of teenagers who did not use e-cigarettes. 

Teen develops 'wet lung' after vaping for just 3 weeks

  Teen develops 'wet lung' after vaping for just 3 weeks Coughing and difficulty breathing led an 18-year-old in Pennsylvania to visit an emergency room where her condition rapidly worsened -- all due to vaping, according to a new report.This hostess, though, paid an unusual price for her e-cig use, according to a case study published Thursday in the medical journal Pediatrics. As usual for a patient report, the authors did not disclose the young woman's name to protect her privacy.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Heroin and Cocaine Could Be Next

Users of heroin have been "vaping" it for a long time. However, they have used high heat (placing the heroin in a metal foil and using a lighter to heat it) in order to "vape" the heroin. Inhaling vapors is preferred, as it reaches the brain almost as fast as injecting the drug. Luckily, as of now, heroin and cocaine in their most common crystal form cannot be used in vaping devices, as the tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly, making them "un-vapable" in the low heat that the vaping devices produce. However, it is predictable that drug cartels will make heroin and cocaine "vapable" down the road by mixing them with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices. Anecdotal evidence suggests flakka, a synthetic drug, is already being vaped.

Action Needed Right Now to Restrict Access to Vaping Devices

The vaping trend has gone largely unchallenged until recently, but a concerted, coordinated response is called for in order to curb the use of e-cigarettes among teenagers. The state of New Jersey, for example, raised the minimum age to buy tobacco products to 21 years in 2017, and some municipalities have required e-cigarette vendors to be licensed.

Teen develops "wet lung" after vaping for 3 weeks

  Teen develops The young woman needed to be placed on a breathing machine and had tubes inserted to drain fluid from her lungs A Pennsylvania teen developed respiratory failure and needed to be placed on a breathing machine as a result of vaping, doctors say. In a case study published in the journal Pediatrics, physicians detail how the 18-year-old had been using e-cigarettes for only three weeks before being rushed to the emergency room at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.The young woman, who worked as a restaurant hostess, was not identified due to privacy concerns.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Nationally Recognized Addiction Expert, Dr. Indra Cidambi, Highlights the Dangers of Vaping for America's Youth. Tight crystal structures in heroin and cocaine bind molecules strongly**, and they may need to be mixed with weak alkalis to create freebases that could be used in vaping devices.

Gallery: Four opioid drugs parents should have on their radar

Copyright 2017 U.S. News & World Report

Vaping 101: E-cigarette sellers dangle scholarships to college students .
Critics say the scholarships are branding ploys to get their brands listed at top universities like Harvard and Berkeley.E-cigarette and vaporizer sellers have started offering college scholarships as a tactic to get their brands listed on university websites. To receive the scholarships, students must write essays about the potential benefits of vaping.

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