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Crime Study: Reduced criminal penalties contributed to more thefts

09:06  13 june  2018
09:06  13 june  2018 Source:   msn.com

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– California voters' decision to reduce penalties for drug and property crimes in 2014 contributed to a jump in car burglaries, shoplifting and other theft , researchers reported Tuesday. Larcenies increased about 9 percent by 2016, or about 135 more thefts per 100

By the same token, a good way to reduce crime is to make its consequences to the would-be offender more costly (by making penalties swifter, more certain, or more severe), or to make alternatives to crime more attractive (by increasing the availability and pay of legitimate jobs), or both.

FILE - In this Oct. 3, 2012 file photo, inmates pass the time at the Los Angeles County Men's Central Jail, operated by the Los Angeles County Sheriff, in downtown Los Angeles. Independent researchers say that California voters' decision to reduce penalties for drug and property crimes in 2014 led to a jump in thefts, particularly car burglaries and shoplifting. The Public Policy Institute of California reported Tuesday, June 12, 2018 that larcenies increased about 9 percent from 2014 to 2016. Thefts from motor vehicles accounted for about three-quarters of the increase. San Francisco alone recorded more than 30,000 auto burglaries in 2017. (AP Photo/Reed Saxon, File) © The Associated Press FILE - In this Oct. 3, 2012 file photo, inmates pass the time at the Los Angeles County Men's Central Jail, operated by the Los Angeles County Sheriff, in downtown Los Angeles. Independent researchers say that California voters' decision to reduce penalties for drug and property crimes in 2014 led to a jump in thefts, particularly car burglaries and shoplifting. The Public Policy Institute of California reported Tuesday, June 12, 2018 that larcenies increased about 9 percent from 2014 to 2016. Thefts from motor vehicles accounted for about three-quarters of the increase. San Francisco alone recorded more than 30,000 auto burglaries in 2017. (AP Photo/Reed Saxon, File)

SACRAMENTO, Calif. — California voters' decision to reduce penalties for drug and property crimes in 2014 contributed to a jump in car burglaries, shoplifting and other theft, researchers reported Tuesday.

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The Pew Charitable Trusts Research & Analysis South Carolina Reduced Theft Penalties While Safely These findings are consistent with a body of research showing that most criminal acts involve very This analysis contributes to a growing body of evidence showing that states can raise felony

The absence of criminal statutes that address the unique nature of organized retail theft contributes to the Shoplifting penalties are not severe enough to keep criminals from committing this crime . A comprehensive study in Britain concluded design has a positive role on reducing shoplifting.

Larcenies increased about 9 percent by 2016, or about 135 more thefts per 100,000 residents than if tougher penalties had remained, the nonpartisan Public Policy Institute of California found.

Thefts from motor vehicles accounted for about three-quarters of the increase. San Francisco alone recorded more than 30,000 auto burglaries last year, which authorities largely blamed on gangs. Shoplifting may be leveling off, researchers found, but there is no sign of a decline in thefts from vehicles.

Proposition 47 lowered criminal sentences for drug possession, theft, shoplifting, identity theft, receiving stolen property, writing bad checks and check forgery from felonies that can bring prison terms to misdemeanors that often bring minimal jail sentences.

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Proposition 47, to reduce sentences for some crimes , passes, AP reports. Penalties for common drug and theft crimes in California will be reduced from potential felonies to misdemeanors, shortening the time some offenders spend behind bars.

SB 221 by Senate President Alario reduces habitual offender penalties , considered far out of step with other states It also consolidates and simplifies criminal penalties for the following theft crimes R.S. 14:89.2(B)(3); contributing to the delinquency of juveniles, perform a sexually immoral act: La.

While researchers can link the measure to more theft, they found it did not lead to the state's increase in violent crime.

Violent crime spiked by about 13 percent after Proposition 47 passed, but researchers said the trend started earlier and was mainly because of unrelated changes in crime reporting by the FBI and the Los Angeles Police Department.

The FBI broadened its definition of sexual crimes in 2014, while the LAPD improved its crime reporting after previously underreporting violent crimes. If it weren't for those changes, researchers found California's violent crime rate would have increased 4.7 percent from 2014 to 2016.

Researchers compared California's crime trends to those in other states with historically similar trends. They found the increase in California's violent crime rate was less than that of comparison states, but larcenies jumped in California as they declined elsewhere.

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Topics for study . 3. Penalties for Theft in Texas Navy & Marine Disqualifications, Nationality ACT, RCW 4.24.230, Parents fined Types of Offender’s Mental Contributing to delinquency of minor (includes purchase of alcoholic beverages). Criminal trespass Desecration of grave.

Contributing To Child Delinquency. Throughout Florida, the penalties sought by prosecutors for employee theft crimes are generally harsher than conventional theft offenses. Charges may also be reduced , or negotiated to avoid a permanent criminal record or prison.

California still has historically low crime rates despite recent changes in the criminal justice system aimed at reducing mass incarceration and increasing rehabilitation and treatment programs, said Lenore Anderson, executive director of Californians for Safety and Justice, who led the drive to pass Proposition 47.

"This report shows we are making progress," she said in a statement calling for less spending on prisons and more on programs to help reduce the cycle of crime.

The ballot measure led to the lowest arrest rate in state history in 2015 as experts said police frequently ignored crimes that brought minimal punishment.

Jail bookings in 12 sample counties dropped about 8 percent, driven by a reduction in bookings for Proposition 47 crimes, while cite and releases increased, researchers found.

Offenders convicted of those crimes were about 3 percent less likely to be convicted of a new crime within two years, but the researchers said it's not clear if that was because they didn't commit new crimes or because they were less likely to be arrested and prosecuted because of the lower penalties.

Reduced penalties mean fewer drug addicts now seem to be getting treatment, then "are stealing to support their habit," said San Luis Obispo County Chief Probation Officer Jim Salio, president of Chief Probation Officers of California.

Morgan Hill Police Chief David Swing, president of the California Police Chiefs Association, said researchers' findings "are consistent with what police chiefs across the state have seen since 2014" and show the need for a proposed initiative intended for the November ballot that would partly roll back the 2014 law.

It would allow prison sentences for serial thieves, reinstate DNA collections from those convicted of the crimes where penalties were reduced, and bar the earlier release of criminals convicted of additional violent, serious and sexual crimes.

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