Offbeat US says Iran nuclear inspections must continue

03:10  11 may  2018
03:10  11 may  2018 Source:   msn.com

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" Iranian officials have already said they will refuse to allow inspections at military sites, even though the IAEA says there must be no distinction between military and Armenian Protests Continue Ahead Of Vote For Interim PM. 9. Pompeo: Trump Will Drop Iran Nuclear Deal 'If We Cannot Fix It'. 10.

WASHINGTON (JTA) – A nuclear deal with Iran must include access to its nuclear facilities even after the expiry of restrictions, which would last at least 10 years, Susan Rice, the U . S . national security adviser “And we ’ll lose the unprecedented inspections and transparency we have today,” she said .

US President Donald Trump has announced his decision to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal, but his administration wants inspections of Tehran's nuclear sites to continue, officials say © Provided by AFP US President Donald Trump has announced his decision to withdraw from the Iran nuclear deal, but his administration wants inspections of Tehran's nuclear sites to continue, officials say

The White House wants intrusive inspections of Iran's nuclear sites to continue despite President Donald Trump's withdrawal from a landmark accord on Tehran's atomic program, US officials have told AFP.

Days after the US president walked away from a three-year-old deal that mandated rigorous scrutiny of Iranian facilities, senior administration officials said monitoring should continue regardless.

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Iran says it wants only to generate electricity, but the United States and some allies say Tehran is trying to build a weapon. The announcement means Iran has resumed uranium enrichment and will not allow unannounced IAEA inspections of its nuclear facilities, a voluntary measure it allowed in

Minimum Requirement: Iran ’s nuclear weapons quest must be blocked for decades. Khomeini said the U . S . is the Great Satan and we can never rely on it.” “ We believe Iran must also submit to a long-term and intrusive inspection and verification regime.”

Known officially as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the deal between Tehran and major world powers forces Iran to open any site to inspectors within 24 days at most and introduced 24-hour remote surveillance at some sites.

Supporters of the Obama-era accord argue it provided "the world's most robust" monitoring regime, allowing access to the Islamic republic's most sensitive nuclear sites.

Making his withdrawal announcement on Tuesday, Trump pilloried the accord for lacking mechanisms to "prevent, detect, and punish cheating" or provide immediate access to suspicious military sites.

Still, the White House is demanding those inspections, however imperfect, continue under the aegis of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the UN nuclear watchdog.

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The Trump administration is said to be fully on board with these tougher inspection measures Iran must also provide more information about the number of nuclear centrifuges it is operating in its "With these improvements to inspection and reporting practices, we can better deny Iran 's access to

The United States is pushing U.N. nuclear inspectors to check military sites in Iran to verify it is not breaching its nuclear deal with world powers. “ We have to be able to vet this information,” a second IAEA official said , asking not to be identified because inspections are sensitive and the agency

"We expect Iran will continue to implement the Additional Protocol and cooperate with the IAEA whether or not the JCPOA remains in place," one senior administration official said.

A second official confirmed to AFP on Thursday that Washington still wanted the inspections.

Other signatories to the Iran deal -- including Tehran, China and European powers -- have vowed to press ahead with the agreement's implementation.

But officials are privately skeptical about how long it can survive, particularly if the United States imposes sanctions on European companies doing business in Iran.

And non-proliferation experts have warned that a vital window into Iran's nuclear activities could be lost.

"If the agreement collapses, Iran is under no obligation to implement any of these provisions, either the Additional Protocol or the deal-specific measures," said Kelsey Davenport, director for nonproliferation policy at the Arms Control Association.

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"Without inspections , the Iran deal is an empty promise," she said in a statement. "If the Iran nuclear deal is to have any meaning, the parties must have a common understanding of its terms," Haley said in a statement. Story Continues . "The US needs to show it is a reliable partner," he said .

“They [the West] say they must receive permission to conduct interviews with Iran ’s nuclear scientists, and I The US Congress must ensure that sanctions against Iran remain in force until the nuclear threat Allowing Iran to enrich uranium without being subject to 'anytime, anywhere' inspections is

"The nuclear deal with Iran put the country's program under a microscope," she told AFP, saying the measures serve as "an early warning system that will set off alarm bells if Iran tries to cheat on its commitments or conduct illicit activities."

- Are inspections effective? -

Since the nuclear accord was reached in 2015, the IAEA has carried out hundreds of inspections inside Iran.

That includes monitoring at Fordo, an underground fuel enrichment plant inside a base used by Iran's powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.

2015 Iran nuclear deal: Map and factfile on the 2015 Iran nuclear deal © Provided by AFP Map and factfile on the 2015 Iran nuclear deal

The JCPOA adds an extra layer of scrutiny not found in existing accords, including monitoring of mines and restrictions on multi-point detonation systems and nuclear computer simulations.

The IAEA has so far confirmed that Iran is adhering to its "nuclear-related commitments," although the US administration questions that conclusion.

"You cannot say that Iran is in compliance unless you are 100 percent certain that the IAEA and our intelligence are infallible," said US national security advisor John Bolton.

Why Trump hates the Iran deal, explained

  Why Trump hates the Iran deal, explained A bite-size primer to one of the most important decisions of Donald Trump’s presidency.Recall that the Iran deal, known formally as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, likely stops Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon for about a decade.

No other approach ensures the strict limits and unprecedented inspections we were able to Further, we will continue to aggressively enforce sanctions against Iran ’s support for terrorism, human rights Iran must also know that the United States views Iran ’s possession of a nuclear weapon during or

US Ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, said that some countries were trying to shield Iran from more inspections by the IAEA. "If the Iran nuclear deal is to have any meaning, the parties must have a common understanding of its terms," Haley said in a statement.

That approach has left some questioning why the administration wants monitoring to continue at all.

"If they don't trust the inspections, I don't know why they would be strongly encouraging Iran to comply," said Corey Hinderstein, a fuel cycle expert who previously worked on implementation of the deal at the Department of Energy.

"The fact is the inspections are and have been effective," she said.

American citizens are working on the IAEA inspection team, but are based in Vienna, not on the ground in Iran.

Hinderstein said there is every indication that the US is preparing to pull out of other non-inspection mechanisms in the agreement, including converting the Arak heavy water reactor and the "procurement channel" that regulates the import of dual use materials to Iran.

Trump has described the agreement as "the worst deal in history" and vowed to renegotiate it.

He has also warned that Iran will be punished if it returns to military-scale uranium enrichment.

"If the regime continues its nuclear aspirations, it will have bigger problems than it has ever had before," Trump said.

Saudis will seek nuclear weapon if Iran does: minister .
<p>Saudi Arabia will seek to develop its own nuclear weapons if Iran does, Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir told CNN on Wednesday, amid spiraling tension between the regional rivals.</p>Asked whether Riyadh would "build a bomb itself" if Tehran seizes on Washington's withdrawal from the 2015 Iran deal to resume a nuclear weapons program, Jubeir said: "If Iran acquires nuclear capability we will do everything we can to do the same.

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