Offbeat Pork opine: Study finds pigs can be optimists or pessimists, depending on personality and mood

11:49  16 november  2016
11:49  16 november  2016 Source:   Tribune News Service

High as a Cat: Small Kitten Enjoys Climbing Colorado's Mountains

  High as a Cat: Small Kitten Enjoys Climbing Colorado's Mountains Quandary the wandering cat loves hiking Colorado's mountains.The outdoorsy kitten known as "Quandary Q Lotus Lady" spends her days like most house cats never do – she climbs some of Colorado’s tallest mountains with the brisk air blowing against her fur.

A new study finds that, like humans, pigs can be optimists or pessimists , and that the pessimists are more strongly affected by their current environments. The results, described in the journal Biology Letters, hint that the complex interplay between personality and mood may extend far beyond the human experience. “This finding demonstrates that humans are not unique in combining longer-term personality biases with shorter-term mood biases in judging stimuli,” the study authors wrote.

A new study finds that, like humans, pigs can be optimists or pessimists , and that the pessimists are more strongly affected by their current environments. The results, described in the journal Biology Letters, hint that the complex interplay between personality and mood may extend far beyond the human experience. “This finding demonstrates that humans are not unique in combining longer-term personality biases with shorter-term mood biases in judging stimuli,” the study authors wrote.

Pigs look into the camera in a stall of a pig farmer in Frankfurt, Germany, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2016. © Associated Press Pigs look into the camera in a stall of a pig farmer in Frankfurt, Germany, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2016. You can't keep a positive pig down. A new study finds that, like humans, pigs can be optimists or pessimists, and that the pessimists are more strongly affected by their current environments.

The results, described in the journal Biology Letters, hint that the complex interplay between personality and mood may extend far beyond the human experience.

"This finding demonstrates that humans are not unique in combining longer-term personality biases with shorter-term mood biases in judging stimuli," the study authors wrote.

NFLPA to study marijuana use for pain management after new legalization

  NFLPA to study marijuana use for pain management after new legalization After another seven states legalized marijuana as part of Tuesday's vote, the NFLPA has decided to take a serious step towards allowing players to use the substance as a pain-management tool. With marijuana now legalized - medically, recreationally, or both - in 29 states, the players association will be forming a pain management committee that will study players' use to determine if an adjustment to football's ban is needed."Marijuana is still governed by our collective bargaining agreement," George Atallah, the NFLPA’s assistant executive director of external affairs, told The Washington Post on Wednesday.

A new study finds that, like humans, pigs can be optimists or pessimists . Being stuck in the economy lodgings didn’t change their underlying optimism . Pigs with reactive personalities , on the other hand, were more optimistic about their chances of finding a chocolate in the middle bowl if they’d had the deluxe accommodations – and more pessimistic if they’d been in the less comfortable pen.

PART 1/5 - Example Report's Optimism / Pessimism Report. Most People. Find and enrol in free challenges and become awesome(r)! If you liked this test, you'll love our new site. Learning about your self is super important but so is working on improving right? Everything is totally free (no advertising). You can track your performance, earn rewards, it's actually really fun.

Is that glass half empty, or half full? Scientists already know that humans process information differently depending on their mood: If they're feeling negative, they'll tend to expect a worse outcome when facing ambiguous situations that could go either way; if they're feeling positive, they may expect a better one. Mood, together with baseline personality, influences a person's cognitive bias — patterns of thinking that may lead to deviations in good judgment.

Researchers have increasingly looked at cognitive bias in animals to study animal mood, the study authors wrote, but the results from these experiments have been inconsistent. Perhaps that's because the interaction of personality and mood, which together generate cognitive bias in humans, hadn't really been studied in animals until now.

Massachusetts voters say no to tight quarters for hens, pigs and calves

  Massachusetts voters say no to tight quarters for hens, pigs and calves The state's ban on certain confinement practices could have consequences for farms across the nation.Question 3, which was approved by 78 percent of voters in the state, prohibits farms in the state from confining any egg-laying hen, breeding pig or calf raised for veal in a way that prevents the animal from “lying down, standing up, fully extending its limbs, or turning around freely.” Variations on those sorts of requirements have been passed in a handful of other states, and local media reported that the measure would affect just one Massachusetts farm that houses hens in cages that do not meet the new standards; none confine sows or calves.

In the group of 40 dogs, the researchers found there were more optimists than pessimists . According to Starling, this research may be invaluable in addressing how animal welfare is assessed. Knowing how optimistic or pessimistic an animal normally is means we can track changes to determine when there are significant variations in emotional state. Dogs with Separation Anxiety May Be Pessimists . In another study of 24 dogs, researchers set out to determine if dogs with separation-related behaviors have underlying mood disorders which also affect other aspects of their conduct.3.

Optimism maximizes potential as pessimism squashes it. Look at these five distinguishing differences between optimists and pessimists and tell me – which one are you? 1. Optimists Believe They Are In Control. And the people defined as “ pessimists ” who underestimated life satisfaction could have been slightly optimistic and had their expectations exceeded. A different study found that optimism seems to protect heart health.

For this paper, a team of scientists from Great Britain looked to probe that mood-personality dynamic in 36 domestic pigs, animals known for their intelligence. The researchers tested whether they had proactive or reactive personalities by studying how they behaved in an area with an unknown object. Proactive behavior is more active and less flexible; reactive behavior is more passive and more flexible. (In humans, proactivity has been linked to extraversion and reactivity has been linked to neuroticism.)

The scientists also tested their cognitive bias by training the pigs to recognize that the bowl in one corner of the room had yummy chocolates (a good outcome) and the bowl in the other corner had bitter coffee beans (a bad one, presumably). They'd been coated in sugar so that the pigs couldn't sniff them out until they reached their chosen bowl. The researchers then began putting more bowls in ambiguous spots — in the middle of those two corners, or slightly toward the chocolate corner, or slightly toward the coffee corner.

NASA Finds High-Energy Electrons Where There Should Be None

  NASA Finds High-Energy Electrons Where There Should Be None The particles, discovered as part of NASA’s THEMIS mission, were found being accelerated to nearly the speed of light in the foreshock region, which lies just beyond Earth’s magnetic field.Every second of every day, Earth is bombarded by streams of charged particles, which are then deflected by the planet’s magnetic field. Typically, when this happens, the particles — fast-moving ions and electrons — either gain energy by bouncing back and forth in across Earth’s bow shock, which forms a protective barrier around the planet, or are slowed down and deflected.

Breaking biology news, particularly news related to genetics, genomics and biotechnology combined with independent editorials about the genomics industry. Depending on the Chimera.

Pessimist , optimist or realist? Which type are you? personality test. There are 136 Comments on this Quiz (View Comments). I don`t know actually. Anyway I will be glad to find out. 4. You have just became unemployed. What`s your reaction? It`s a great oppertunity to take care of somethings at home. I will find a new job soon enough.

Before the tests, the animals would be put either in economy or deluxe lodgings. Both had solid floors, a slatted area and wooden blocks on chains for what the study authors called "enrichment." But the deluxe lodgings were roomier and had deep, comfy straw.

The scientists found that the pigs with proactive personalities tended to check out the middle bowl, even without the sure promise of a reward, regardless of the quality of their accommodations. Being stuck in the economy lodgings didn't change their underlying optimism.

Pigs with reactive personalities, on the other hand, were more optimistic about their chances of finding a chocolate in the middle bowl if they'd had the deluxe accommodations — and more pessimistic if they'd been in the less comfortable pen. Reactive animals, then, were much more affected by their environment, and their mood likely skewed their choices.

"These results suggest that judgment in non-human animals is similar to humans, incorporating aspects of stable personality traits and more transient mood states," the authors wrote.

The findings could help explain why previous tests of cognitive bias in animals were so inconsistent, the researchers said.

"Because proactive pigs behaved differently to reactive pigs, these findings could explain some of the inconsistent results between animal cognitive bias tests," the study authors wrote. "Accounting for personality differences between individuals may reduce some of this otherwise unexplained variation, making cognitive bias test outcomes more reliable and robust."

Fidel Castro and the 11 US presidents .
From Dwight Eisenhower, who broke US diplomatic relations with Cuba, to Barack Obama, who decided to normalize them, 11 US presidents faced off with Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro, who died late Friday. -- Dwight Eisenhower (Republican, 1953-1961): Provided arms to dictator Fulgencio Batista, who was battling Castro's rebels. Prepared the invasion of the Bay of Pigs and broke off diplomatic ties with Cuba in January 1961.-- John F. Kennedy (Democrat, 1961-1963): Gave the green light for the invasion of the Bay of Pigs in April 1961.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks
This is interesting!