Opinion America desperately needs to modernize its nuclear weapons

23:45  10 august  2017
23:45  10 august  2017 Source:   thehill.com

Tillerson: U.S. Willing to Negotiate With North Korea, Won’t Seek Regime Change

  Tillerson: U.S. Willing to Negotiate With North Korea, Won’t Seek Regime Change The U.S., working through China, does not want ‘the collapse of the regime,’ the chief diplomat said.The U.S. is willing to sit down and negotiate with North Korea over its nuclear weapons program in coordination with the Chinese government, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said Tuesday in a rare public appearance a day after President Donald Trump pledged to "handle North Korea.

The Hermit Kingdom is not alone in its nuclear pursuits. Russia and China have also committed to exploring new weapons capabilities, and Iran still harbors nuclear aspirations. In the United States, however, attempts to modernize our nuclear arsenal face tremendous resistance.

The Hermit Kingdom is not alone in its nuclear pursuits. Russia and China have also committed to exploring new weapons capabilities, and Iran still harbors nuclear aspirations. In the United States, however, attempts to modernize our nuclear arsenal face tremendous resistance.

N. Korea warns it could 'turn the U.S. mainland into the theater of a nuclear war'© Provided by The Hill N. Korea warns it could 'turn the U.S. mainland into the theater of a nuclear war'

Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not necessarily represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

Bad news from the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency : North Korea has developed a "miniaturized nuclear warhead that can fit inside its missiles."

The Hermit Kingdom is not alone in its nuclear pursuits. Russia and China have also committed to exploring new weapons capabilities, and Iran still harbors nuclear aspirations. In the United States, however, attempts to modernize our nuclear arsenal face tremendous resistance.

N. Korean missiles add urgency to Hiroshima A-bomb appeals

  N. Korean missiles add urgency to Hiroshima A-bomb appeals Hiroshima's appeal of "never again" on the anniversary Sunday of the world's first atomic bomb attack has gained urgency as North Korea moves ever closer to acquiring nuclear weapons, showing its growing prowess with increasingly frequent missile launches. Has Your Home's Value Increased? See It's Current Worth Sponsored by Trulia When the U.S. dropped the bomb on Aug. 6, 1945, Toshiki Fujimori's mother was carrying him, then just a year old, piggyback to the hospital. The impact of the explosion threw them both to the ground, nearly killing him.

America First Policies believes that the federal government has no greater responsibility than ensuring the safety and security of Americans . Michael Dodge, “ America desperately needs to modernize its nuclear weapons ,” The Hill, August 10, 2017, http

America desperately needs to modernize its nuclear weapons . The U.S. Army is roughly -to- billion short of the funds needed to begin modernizing the force, which has seen several of its capabilities outmatched.

The scale, scope and capacity of the Russian and Chinese nuclear modernization programs far outstrip current U.S. efforts. Failing to modernize our aging warheads and platforms carries tremendous risk that goes well beyond those posed by not "keeping up with the Joneses."

U.S. nuclear weapons are old. The warheads are based on 1970s designs, and they have not been physically tested in a quarter of a century. The nuclear triad of bombers, submarines, and long-range missiles is long in the tooth, as well. The Minuteman long-range missiles were deployed in the 1970s.

B-52 bombers, introduced in the 1950s, are so old that occasionally a grandson jockeys the same tail number that his grandfather flew. Even our newest systems, the Ohio-class ballistic missile submarines and B-2 bombers, are more than two decades old.

Trump has ‘unchecked authority’ to order a nuclear attack

  Trump has ‘unchecked authority’ to order a nuclear attack President Trump’s dire threat to North Korea that it risked “fire and fury like the world has never seen” sounded like a threat of nuclear war — and a president does have the power to order a nuclear attack, experts say. Trump has “unchecked authority to order the use of conventional or nuclear weapons against North Korea,” Bruce G. Blair, a nuclear security expert at Princeton University’s Program on Science and Global Security. said in an e-mail. “I believe that both options are being prepared right now.

Many analysts have criticized the administration for its ambitious plan to modernize nuclear weapons , with most In the face of the threats America faces, modernization is the smart option: relatively cheap, stabilizing, and consistent with deterrent needs and arms control goals and obligations.

Far more important is the book’s argument that the U.S. nuclear arsenal desperately needs modernization . "Over the next two decades," Roberts warns, "the entire remaining inventory will have to be modernized in some way.

The nuclear triad is the bedrock of U.S. strategic deterrence and a core component of U.S. security assurances to over 30 allies around the world. It must be modernized - regardless of the fate of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty , also known as New START. The centerpiece of the Obama administration's failed Russian "reset" policy, New START has not served the strategic security interests of the United States.

It called for - and delivered - disproportionate reductions to the U.S. nuclear weapons arsenal. Moreover, the Russians have flagrantly violated the spirit of the treaty, deploying more than 200 nuclear warheads more than the treaty permits. (Nothing new there. Russia is also violating several other arms control agreements, including the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty .)

Former officials of the Obama administration, who had a hand in the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review , now recognize that the strategic environment has become significantly more dangerous since that review was concluded. The review was based on two questionable assumptions: that Russia was no longer a threat and that Russia (or any other country, for that matter) would not be a major adversary in the future.

A-bomb anniversary in Nagasaki amid US-North Korea tension

  A-bomb anniversary in Nagasaki amid US-North Korea tension Amid growing tension between Washington and North Korea, the mayor of Nagasaki said Wednesday that the fear of another nuclear bomb attack is growing at a ceremony marking the 72nd anniversary of the U.S. atomic bombing of his city.Nagasaki Mayor Tomihisa Taue urged nuclear states to abandon such weapons and criticized Japan's government for not taking part in the global effort toward a nuclear ban.The bombing anniversary comes just as Pyongyang and Washington are trading escalating threats. President Donald Trump threatened North Korea "with fire and fury" and North Korea's military said Wednesday it was examining its plans for attacking Guam.

As long as nuclear weapons exist, the U.S. must modernize its nuclear deterrent. Nuclear deterrence saves lives by preventing war. But modernization needs acceleration, including development of advanced generation nuclear warheads.

nuclear power program and its generous offers to sell state-of-the-art sophisticated weapons to We are witnessing the emergence of younger Arab leadership seriously committed to modernizing their countries, peaceful development of nuclear power generation that is so desperately needed

But much has changed since those calculations were made. Russia, for example, has annexed Crimea, sent troops into Ukraine and propped up Bashar Assad in Syria. China has become more aggressive and belligerent in the South China Sea. And then there's North Korea. No one can know the future, of course. International developments have a way of taking the United States by surprise. And this unpredictability is precisely why the U.S. must maintain a credible, viable and robust nuclear deterrent.

Modernization is essential because the determined efforts of Russia, China and even North Korea leave the United States at risk of losing its competitive edge and thus its strategic deterrent. Both Moscow and Beijing reportedly include nuclear warhead testing as components of their modernization programs. And both are likely pursuing innovative design and development work to create warheads capable of generating special effects, such as enhanced radiation or electromagnetic pulse.  Robust modernization programs also mean that their warhead workforce and production facilities remain skilled, capable and agile.

Here's How Many Nuclear Weapons the U.S. Has

  Here's How Many Nuclear Weapons the U.S. Has North Korea on Wednesday threatened to attack the U.S. territory of Guam, the latest in a series of mutual provocations as tensions between the two countries continue to escalate. That development came after President Donald Trump said Tuesday that North Korea “will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen” if it continues its aggressive behavior. Trump followed up on Wednesday in a series of tweets boasting about the U.S. nuclear arsenal. “My first order as President was to renovate and modernize our nuclear arsenal. It is now far stronger and more powerful than ever before,” he tweeted. “Hopefully we will never have to use this power, but there will never be a time that we are not the most powerful nation in the world!” Here’s what you need to know about the size and reach of the American nuclear arsenal. How Many Nuclear Weapons Does the U.S.

Our nuclear arsenal badly needs modernization , and President Obama has, however reluctantly, taken steps in that direction. Inside those tunnels is the very heart of the terror regime’s ability to coerce — its growing nuclear - weapons arsenal.

The United States has not updated its nuclear weapons program in decades, but in February President Barack Obama allocated more than trillion to the modernization of the country's nuclear stockpile.

This is another area where the United States risks falling behind.  U.S. scientists and nuclear engineers primarily focus their work (and thinking) on warhead maintenance and life extension programs - a different set of skills than actually designing and building new warheads. The former attempts to sustain what is already known, while the latter explores new possibilities and leads to new designs and potential uses - critical things to know if only to know what to defend against.

At present, the U.S. national laboratories are doing little to improve their understanding of foreign nuclear weapon designs. Those limited efforts should be expanded. Not only would it educate the current and upcoming generation of nuclear weapon designers, it would help ensure that the next generation tasked to certify our nuclear stockpile reliable has the experience and know-how of designing, building and testing actual warheads.

It made no sense for the French, British and Americans to remain committed to horse cavalry while the Germans were developing mobile tank warfare. So, today, it makes no sense for the U.S. to remain committed to merely certifying vintage nuclear weapons while our competitors race forward with new research and development efforts.

U.S. nuclear weapons policy must evolve as the nuclear threat evolves. Making changes to the U.S. nuclear posture as the threat environment grows more challenging will ultimately put the United States and its allies in a better strategic position. Congress and the Trump administration must not waver in their support for the U.S. nuclear modernization program.

Michaela Dodge is a senior policy analyst specializing in missile defense and arms control in the Center for National Defense at The Heritage Foundation .

The views expressed by contributors are their own and are not the views of The Hill.

Israel moves to curb strike at nuclear plant .
Israel's government approved Sunday emergency measures to end a "disruptive" months-long strike over pay by scientists working at the country's top secret nuclear research centre. The World's Richest Agree: This Will Impact Everything See The Tech Sponsored by The Motley Fool Scientists at the Dimona Nuclear Research Centre have been on a slowdown strike for the past three months after their demand for a wage increase was refused.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

This is interesting!