Politics Scott Pruitt Is Carrying Out His E.P.A. Agenda in Secret, Critics Say

05:09  12 august  2017
05:09  12 august  2017 Source:   The New York Times

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Scott Pruitt Is Carrying Out His E . P . A . Agenda in Secret , Critics Say . He has made it clear that his mission is to dismantle the E . P . A .’s environmental mission. His critics say he is deploying extraordinary secrecy as he does so.

Scott Pruitt Is Carrying Out His E . P . A . Agenda in Secret , Critics Say . He has made it clear that his mission is to dismantle the E . P . A .’s environmental mission. His critics say he is deploying extraordinary secrecy as he does so.

Scott Pruitt in his E.P.A. office. Employees say they can no longer count on easy access to the floor where his office is.© Yuri Gripas/Reuters Scott Pruitt in his E.P.A. office. Employees say they can no longer count on easy access to the floor where his office is.

WASHINGTON — When career employees of the Environmental Protection Agency are summoned to a meeting with the agency’s administrator, Scott Pruitt, at agency headquarters, they no longer can count on easy access to the floor where his office is, according to interviews with employees of the federal agency.

Doors to the floor are now frequently locked, and employees have to have an escort to gain entrance.

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Some employees say they are also told to leave behind their cellphones when they meet with Mr. Pruitt, and are sometimes told not to take notes.

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Scott Pruitt Is Carrying Out His E . P . A . Agenda in Secret , Critics Say . He has made it clear that his mission is to dismantle the E . P . A .’s environmental mission. His critics say he is deploying extraordinary secrecy as he does so.

His critics say he is deploying extraordinary secrecy as he does so. The New York Times. Politics| Scott Pruitt Is Dismantling the E . P . A . in Secret , Critics Say . Search.

Mr. Pruitt, according to the employees, who requested anonymity out of fear of losing their jobs, often makes important phone calls from other offices rather than use the phone in his office, and he is accompanied, even at E.P.A. headquarters, by armed guards, the first head of the agency to ever request round-the-clock security.

A former Oklahoma attorney general who built his career suing the E.P.A., and whose LinkedIn profile still describes him as “a leading advocate against the EPA’s activist agenda,” Mr. Pruitt has made it clear that he sees his mission to be dismantling the agency’s policies — and even portions of the institution itself.

But as he works to roll back regulations, close offices and eliminate staff at the agency charged with protecting the nation’s environment and public health, Mr. Pruitt is taking extraordinary measures to conceal his actions, according to interviews with more than 20 current and former agency employees.

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Scott Pruitt Is Carrying Out His E . P . A . Agenda in Secret , Critics Say . He has made it clear that his mission is to dismantle the E . P . A .’s environmental mission. His critics say he is deploying extraordinary secrecy as he does so.

Scott Pruitt Is Carrying Out His E . P . A . Agenda in Secret , Critics Say . He has made it clear that his mission is to dismantle the E . P . A .’s environmental mission. His critics say he is deploying extraordinary secrecy as he does so.

Together with a small group of political appointees, many with backgrounds, like his, in Oklahoma politics, and with advice from industry lobbyists, Mr. Pruitt has taken aim at an agency whose policies have been developed and enforced by thousands of the E.P.A.’s career scientists and policy experts, many of whom work in the same building.

The Environmental Protection Agency has become more secretive under the leadership of Scott Pruitt.© Tom Brenner/The New York Times The Environmental Protection Agency has become more secretive under the leadership of Scott Pruitt.

“There’s a feeling of paranoia in the agency — employees feel like there’s been a hostile takeover and the guy in charge is treating them like enemies,” said Christopher Sellers, an expert in environmental history at Stony Brook University, who this spring conducted an interview survey with about 40 E.P.A. employees.

Such tensions are not unusual in federal agencies when an election leads to a change in the party in control of the White House. But they seem particularly bitter at the E.P.A.

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EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt told agency employees he would lead the agency based on three broad principle. “We avoid litigation, we avoid the uncertainty of litigation,” Pruitt said . Republicans criticized “sue-and-settle” tactics as well, but also chastised EPA for using “ secret science” to craft

Pruitt proudly wears his label as a chief antagonist of the EPA ; a biography “ Scott Pruitt running the EPA is like the fox guarding the henhouse,” League of Conservation Voters president Gene Karpinski said in an e -mailed statement reacting to news of the nomination before the formal announcement.

Allies of Mr. Pruitt say he is justified in his measures to ramp up his secrecy and physical protection, given that his agenda and politics clash so fiercely with those of so many of the 15,000 employees at the agency he heads.

“E.P.A. is legendary for being stocked with leftists,” said Steve J. Milloy, a member of Mr. Trump’s E.P.A. transition team and author of the book “Scare Pollution: How and Why to Fix the E.P.A.” “If you work in a hostile environment, you’re not the one that’s paranoid.”

Mr. Pruitt’s penchant for secrecy is reflected not just in his inaccessibility and concern for security. He has terminated a decades-long practice of publicly posting his appointments calendar and that of all the top agency aides, and he has evaded oversight questions from lawmakers on Capitol Hill, according to the Democratic senators who posed the questions.

His aides recently asked career employees to make major changes in a rule regulating water quality in the United States — without any records of the changes they were being ordered to make. And the E.P.A. under Mr. Pruitt has moved to curb certain public information, shutting down data collection of emissions from oil and gas companies, and taking down more than 1,900 agency webpages on topics like climate change, according to a tally by the Environmental Defense Fund, which did a Freedom of Information Request on these terminated pages.

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Calling him “one of the country’s top attorneys general,” Trump said in a statement that Pruitt would carry out his mission of cracking down on what he sees as a job-killing, anti-energy agenda at the EPA while ensuring that the agency protects the nation’s clean air and water.

Pruitt , 48, has been a reliable booster of the fossil fuel industry and a critic of what he derides as the EPA 's "activist agenda ." Business leaders in his home state, however, lauded Pruitt 's selection, especially those in the oil and gas industry. " Scott Pruitt is a businessman and public servant and

William D. Ruckelshaus, who served as E.P.A. director under two Republican presidents and once wrote a memo directing agency employees to operate “in a fishbowl,” said such secrecy is antithetical to the mission of the agency.

“Reforming the regulatory system would be a good thing if there were an honest, open process,” he said. “But it appears that what is happening now is taking a meat ax to the protections of public health and environment and then hiding it.”

Mr. Ruckelshaus said such secrecy could pave the way toward, or exacerbate, another disaster like the contamination of public drinking water in Flint, Michigan, or the 2014 chemical spill into the public water supply in Charleston, W.Va. — while leading to a dearth of information when such incidents happen.

“Something will happen, like Flint, and the public will realize they can’t get any information about what happened or why,” he said.

But Liz Bowman, a spokeswoman for the E.P.A., categorically denied the accounts employees interviewed for this article gave of the secrecy surrounding Mr. Pruitt.

“None of this is true,” she said. “It’s all rumors.”

She added, in an emailed statement, “It’s very disappointing, yet not surprising, to learn that you would solicit leaks, and collude with union officials in an effort to distract from the work we are doing to implement the president’s agenda.”

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(In his confirmation hearing, Pruitt said he no longer believes climate change is a hoax but is still unsure of the role human activity plays in global warming.) Subscribe here. Highlights. • Today: Scott Pruitt was just confirmed to lead the EPA . It's also straining the Secret Service. (Washington Post).

In the nomination announcement, Trump criticized the EPA for spending taxpayer dollars on an " out of control anti-energy agenda " and said Pruitt will "reverse Pruitt , 48, is a long-time EPA critic . On his LinkedIn profile, he characterizes himself as a leading advocate against the agency's "activist agenda ."

Mr. Pruitt’s efforts to undo a major water protection rule are one example of his moves to quickly and stealthily dismantle regulations.

The rule, known as Waters of the United States, and enacted by the Obama administration, was designed to take existing federal protections on large water bodies such as the Chesapeake Bay and Mississippi River and expand them to include the wetlands and small tributaries that flow into those larger waters.

It was fiercely opposed by farmers, rural landowners and real estate developers.

The original estimate concluded that the water protections would indeed come at an economic cost to those groups — between $236 million and $465 million annually.

But it also concluded, in an 87-page analysis, that the economic benefits of preventing water pollution would be greater: between $555 million and $572 million.

E.P.A. employees say that in mid-June, as Mr. Pruitt prepared a proposal to reverse the rule, they were told by his deputies to produce a new analysis of the rule — one that stripped away the half-billion-dollar economic benefits associated with protecting wetlands.

“On June 13, my economists were verbally told to produce a new study that changed the wetlands benefit,” said Elizabeth Southerland, who retired last month from a 30-year career at the E.P.A., most recently as a senior official in the agency’s water office.

“On June 16, they did what they were told,” Ms. Southerland said. “They produced a new cost-benefit analysis that showed no quantifiable benefit to preserving wetlands.”

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Ms. Southerland and other experts in federal rule-making said such a sudden shift was highly unusual — particularly since studies that estimate the economic impact of regulations can take months or even years to produce, and are often accompanied by reams of paperwork documenting the process.

“Typically there are huge written records, weighing in on the scientific facts, the technology facts and the economic facts,” she said. “Everything’s in writing. This repeal process is political staff giving verbal directions to get the outcome they want, essentially overnight.”

Jeffrey Ruchs, the executive director of Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, an organization representing government employees in environmental fields, said the E.P.A. could not allow changes like this to take place, or expect its employees to follow such directives.

“This is a huge change, and they made it over a few days, with almost no record, no documentation,” Mr. Ruchs said, adding, “It wasn’t so much cooking the books, it was throwing out the books.”

Experts in administrative law say such practices skate up to the edge of legality.

While federal records laws prohibit senior officials from destroying records, they could evade public scrutiny of their decision-making by simply not creating them in the first place.

“The mere fact they are telling people not to write things down shows they are trying to keep things hidden, said Jeffrey Lubbers, a professor of administrative law at American University.

Mr. Pruitt had a reputation for being secretive before he ever came to the E.P.A.

While serving as Oklahoma’s attorney general, he came under criticism for maintaining at least three separate email accounts, including one private email account that he at times used for state government business.

During his Senate confirmation, he was asked about these multiple accounts, providing what some senators considered a misleading answer.

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But Pruitt has already carried out an impressive list of corporate favors: He rejected the advice of EPA scientists and approved the use of millions of pounds of " Scott Pruitt is not secretary of commerce," says a former top Obama administration official. " His job is not to protect the fossil-fuel industry.

A subsequent lawsuit resulted in the release of some of these other emails, which Mr. Pruitt had asserted did not exist.

“He’s got a serious problem because of his emails down in Oklahoma — he’s burned himself,” said David Schnare, who worked at the agency from 1978 to 2011 and then on the Trump administration’s E.P.A. transition team. “He doesn’t want to take any risks.”

Mr. Schnare, a conservative Republican who has backed President Trump’s broader agenda, had taken on what was expected to be a more permanent role at the E.P.A.

But he resigned from the agency last month in protest of what he said is Mr. Pruitt’s management of the agency.

Mr. Schnare noted that some previous E.P.A. administrators had been secretive — during the Obama administration, for example, Lisa Jackson, the E.P.A. administrator, came under criticism for using an email alias, “Richard Windsor,” to conduct official business.

But Mr. Schnare said that Mr. Pruitt’s methods stood out from all of his predecessors.

“My view was that under this administration we would be good at transparency, particularly in the regulatory area,” he said. “But these guys aren’t doing that.”

Senator Tom Carper of Delaware, the top Democrat on the committee overseeing federal government operations, has criticized Mr. Pruitt for embracing what he calls “a culture of secrecy around everything from his schedule to the way the agency makes scientific determinations.”

Mr. Carper and other Senate Democrats have a dozen outstanding requests awaiting a response from Mr. Pruitt, and when responses do come, Mr. Carper said, they referred lawmakers to printouts of news releases, instead of answering questions.

An E.P.A. spokesman disputed Mr. Carper’s criticisms.

“Administrator Pruitt has responded to 14 of the 27 oversight letters, which often contain numerous in-depth questions and it takes time to provide an extensive and through response,” he said, adding that he “has been incredibly responsive to Congress.”

Mr. Pruitt and his staff are also subject to intense scrutiny from the public and the news media: The E.P.A., just in the last two months, has received more than 2,000 Freedom of Information Requests, many of them focused on Mr. Pruitt, asking for every possible record related to his tenure, including text messages, telephone records and even his web browsing history.

Yet for E.P.A. employees, information about Mr. Pruitt’s activities can be hard to obtain.

In April, for example, he traveled to Chicago to visit an E.P.A.-designated hazardous waste site.

But E.P.A. employees at the agency’s Chicago office said they had no idea he was there — nor did he visit the Chicago branch of the agency, or meet with staff members.

“We learned he was in town when spotted at a Cubs game,” said Nicole Cantello, a lawyer in the E.P.A.’s Chicago office and a leader of the employee union. “But it was treated as a closely guarded secret. He won’t meet with us or talk to us to make decisions about policy, and we don’t even know when he’s in town.”

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Japan launches satellite for advanced GPS operation .
Japan on Saturday launched an H-2A rocket carrying a geo-positioning satellite into orbit after a week-long delay, the government said. The launch of Japan's third geo-positioning satellite is part of its plan to build a version of the U.S. global positioning system (GPS) to offer location information used for autopiloting and possible national security purposes.The government postponed the launch a week ago because of a technical glitch.

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