US Iraqi sculptor once forced to work for Saddam Hussein is trying to build a new life in the U.S.

19:52  26 november  2017
19:52  26 november  2017 Source:   latimes.com

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Iraqi sculptor hoping for new life in U . S . (San Diego Union-Tribune). Under Saddam Hussein , Iraqi artist Alaa Al-Saffar was forced to sculpt large statues to suit the dictator's whims.

Under Saddam Hussein , Iraqi artist Alaa Al-Saffar was forced to sculpt large statues to suit the dictator’s whims. After Hussein fell from power, Al-Saffar began receiving death threats and eventually fled to the U . S . Now living in El Cajon, he’s still waiting to find out if he will be granted…

a man standing in a room © San Diego Union-Tribune Under Saddam Hussein, Iraqi artist Alaa Al-Saffar was forced to sculpt large statues to suit the dictator’s whims.

After Hussein fell from power, Al-Saffar began receiving death threats and eventually fled to the U.S. Now living in El Cajon, he’s still waiting to find out if he will be granted asylum.

“When I come here, I feel the freedom, the nice weather, the nice people,” Al-Saffar said. “Now I’m inspired to work again.”

When he talks about pieces he created for Hussein, Al-Saffar clarifies that he didn’t take the commissions by choice.

“He wanted [it], not me,” he says, showing a proposal for a statue in the middle of Baghdad that featured an 11-meter version of Hussein.

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Iraqi sculptor hoping for new life in U . S . Under Saddam Hussein , Iraqi artist Alaa Al-Saffar was forced to sculpt large statues to suit the dictator’s whims. After Hussein fell from power, Al-Saffar began receiving death threats and eventually fled to the U . S

Iraqi sculptor once forced to work for saddam hussein is trying to build a new life in the u . s . | News News © San Diego Union-Tribune Under Saddam Hussein

Under the regime, artists who showed skill were forced to work for Hussein or go into hiding, Al-Saffar said.

“The arts have to be for revolution, not the dictators,” Al-Saffar said. “But we can’t. If you do that, they will kill you.”

Al-Saffar remembers being taken on a bus with windows tinted so dark that he couldn’t see where he was going. He would meet with Hussein and create statues for him. He usually didn’t know what his work would be used for, he said.

When he received instructions to sculpt white birds, he didn’t know they were for the then-dictator’s birthday party until he saw them on state-run TV.

Al-Saffar got a master’s degree in art in Geneva in 1975 and returned to Iraq in 1980. When war broke out, he was unable to leave again.

After the end of Hussein’s reign, Al-Saffar had more freedom to make what he wanted, but for several years, he couldn’t find anyone to buy his work.

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Iraqi sculptor once forced to work for Saddam Hussein is trying to build a new life in the U . S . Needless to say, the Russians are not too happy about it: Russia is demanding that Bulgaria try harder to prevent vandalism of Soviet m

Iraqi forces had plenty of time during the six days between the initial invasion of Kuwait, August 2nd, and August 7th to have moved into Saudi Arabia. Once the U . S . announced that it would be sending troops to Saudi Arabia on August 7th, there was plenty of time for Saddam Hussein to make his

“What I do? I don’t know any business, only just this,” Al-Saffar said.

Then the government chose him to create a memorial for a 2005 stampede on a bridge in which an estimated 1,000 people died. The stampede was caused by a rumor that a suicide bomber was on the bridge.

Al-Saffar never got to make the full-size sculpture because the government didn’t have enough money. After a news article about the project identified him as a former artist for Hussein, Al-Saffar began said he began receiving death threats.

He was also targeted by Al Qaeda, he said, because the group didn’t allow art. The militia told him to destroy his work, he said, so he did.

After his adult daughter and her husband came to the U.S. on visas given to Iraqis who helped the U.S. military, Al-Saffar and his wife got temporary visas to come visit.

Once they arrived safely in the U.S. a few days before Thanksgiving in 2014, they applied for asylum. Since they already had temporary visas, their cases are in the affirmative asylum process.

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In the meantime, Saddam went on building lavish palaces for himself. Life for ordinary Iraqis is now more dangerous than under Saddam Hussein , according to the outgoing secretary general of Didn't Iraq harbor the bombmaker of the 1993 WTC bombing? Didn't Saddam try to kill a US president?

Politics aside, those were good days for artists, says Natiq al Alousi, 49, an Iraqi sculptor who considers his commissioned work of Saddam to be an achievement. " Working as an artist in Iraq , when Saddam Hussein was president, was a golden period for all artists, not just myself.

Affirmative asylum generally takes longer than defensive asylum, which is for those who are in the U.S. without authorization or who ask for asylum on arrival at the border.

During the asylum application process, a U.S. immigration official asked Al-Saffar how he feels in Iraq.

“I told him, ‘In Iraq, I need five eyes,’” Al-Saffar said. “All the time, I’m afraid.”

The wait has been difficult, he said. He has several self-portraits that express his anxiety.

In one, the artist plucks petals from a flower, like a lover who wants to know if his love is requited. In another, he holds a musical instrument as though to play it, but his hands are missing.

Still, his art has a freedom here that it couldn’t back home.

He creates art from stories that he imagines. Some of his paintings feature curvaceous, naked women. Those, he said, would never have been allowed in Iraq.

In El Cajon, the side of a business on Main Street features a piece he calls “Half Freedom.” It replicates part of the Freedom Monument in Baghdad.

Al-Saffar wants to find someone to fund another piece in San Diego to symbolize the freedom that he and other Iraqis have found in the U.S. He has a model of it in his studio, a cylinder with “Freedom” written on the side in many of the languages spoken in Iraq, including in English underneath the American flag.

The cylinder tilts slightly to represent people who want freedom but haven’t been able to come to the U.S., he said.

Morrissey writes for the San Diego Union-Tribune.

kate.morrissey@sduniontribune.com

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