US The Endangered Species Act, explained

17:46  19 may  2017
17:46  19 may  2017 Source:   theweek.com

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  New Dinosaur Species Identified From China The oviraptorosaur species, named Beibeilong sinesis, is the largest known dinosaur to have sat on its nest and cared for its young.Fossils dating back about 90 million years ago were found in Henan province of China in the early 1990s, but they have only now been identified as belonging to a previously unknown dinosaur species. Named Beibeilong sinesis, the oviraptorosaur was a giant bird-like dinosaur which is the largest known animal to have sat on its nest and care for its young.

The Endangered Species Act was passed almost unanimously by Congress in 1973 under Republican President Richard Nixon. To qualify for protection, the National Wildlife Federation explains that a species must have seen a large percentage of its habitat "degraded or destroyed"; face the threat of

The Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-669) was passed prior to the 1969 act , and set up a list of species native to the United States that qualified as endangered .

Grizzly bear.© iStock Grizzly bear.

Today is Endangered Species Day, an annual reminder (falling on the third Friday of every May) to recognize America's conservation efforts. Celebrate by reading up on the Endangered Species Act:

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What is the Endangered Species Act?

The Endangered Species Act was passed almost unanimously by Congress in 1973 under Republican President Richard Nixon. The law was meant to recognize the "esthetic, ecological, educational, recreational, and scientific value" of preserving the nation's wildlife heritage. The act granted the federal government the power to protect endangered and threatened species, as well as habitats deemed critical to those species' survival. Today, 1,446 animal species and 945 plant species are listed as either endangered or threatened.

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B. HistoricalDevelopment of the EndangeredSpecies Act . why it is so difficult. It explains the application process, the role of the Secretary, and the formation and duties of the Endangered Species Committee.

May 19 was ‘ Endangered Species Day.’ Get to know more about why we must continue to protect threatened wildlife to commemorate the important day and what have been done, so far.

How does the Endangered Species Act work?

Under the act, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was tapped to oversee all land animals and plants, as well as freshwater fish. The National Marine Fisheries Service was put in charge of marine fish and wildlife. Endangered species are defined as species "likely to become extinct through all or a large portion of their range," whereas threatened species are "likely to become endangered in the near future."

A species gets a spot on the endangered or threatened list after an evaluation. To qualify for protection, the National Wildlife Federation explains that a species must have seen a large percentage of its habitat "degraded or destroyed"; face the threat of "disease or predation"; lack protection from current regulations; have been "over-consumed by commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational uses"; or had its "long-term survival" threatened by "other manmade factors."

Many species in peril on Endangered Species Day

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Grizzly bears, Tennessee purple coneflowers and island night lizards share little in common. They’re distributed across vastly different parts of the country, and need widely different things to survive. But they do have one similar trait: They were all saved by the Endangered Species Act .

Procedures. " for Conductin. " g Consz~ltationand Conference Activities Under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act . A biological opinion should clearly explain the proposed project, its impacts on the affected species , and the Services' recommendations.

Once a species clears the evaluation, it gets on the federal government's protected list, preventing it from being traded or sold and from "take," which the act defines as to "harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill trap, capture, or collect, or to attempt to engage in any such conduct."

When a species' existence is determined to be relatively stable, it may be downgraded from the endangered list to the threatened list.

Is the Endangered Species Act effective?

Proponents point to the law's many successes, including the rehabilitation of species such as the bald eagle, the Florida panther, the grey wolf, the grizzly bear, and the peregrine falcon — to name just a few. A study suggested that 172 species may have gone extinct between 1973 and 1998 if the Endangered Species Act had not been introduced.

"Based on data from the [Fish and Wildlife Service], the ESA has saved 99 percent of listed species from extinction," Jamie Rappaport Clark, president and CEO of environmental nonprofit Defenders of Wildlife, told Congress when he testified this year. Proponents argue that even if a species is not entirely delisted, it's still a win to save it from extinction. A reported 68 percent of the species protected under the Endangered Species Act are "stable or improving," the National Wildlife Federation said.

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Hence, it resulted in the Endangered Species Act pros and cons. What are these? Involves Setup Regulations As a Guide in Preserving the Species It is one of the pros of the Endangered Species Act .

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) has raised continual controversy since its enactment more than four decades ago, inciting many However, the authors explained , the decision was rejected in court in 2011 and a revised consultation found no jeopardy of adverse modification, according to the authors.

Are there any problems with the Endangered Species Act?

Opponents argue that the regulations imposed by the act are too restrictive and far-reaching, hampering business opportunities and hindering economic growth in industries such as logging, mining, and drilling. James Holte of the Wisconsin Farm Bureau Federation told Congress in a hearing in February that farmers and ranchers consider it their personal responsibility to be stewards of the land," but the ESA makes it tough to "balance agriculture production with wildlife habitat" because of the land use restrictions that can be placed on a farmer's private land.

Critics also contend that the law doesn't even work that well. Though 1,600 species have gained protection under the act, "less than 70 have reached full recovery," The Associated Press reported.

And some farmers argue that species recovery isn't always a good thing. Holte said that since the grey wolf population has been brought back from the brink, there have been more "interactions between farmers, their livestock, [and] rural residents," resulting in "more than $200,000 in damage."

Snowy plover chick hatches on Oregon beach

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Ya-Wei Li, vice president of endangered species conservation at Defenders of Wildlife, explained that the ever-heavier burdens placed on “This is the kind of cooperation the Endangered Species Act was designed to encourage,” said Brian Rutledge, a vice president for the National Audubon Society

Procedures. " for Conductin. " g Consz~ltationand Conference Activities Under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act . A biological opinion should clearly explain the proposed project, its impacts on the affected species , and the Services' recommendations.

What's next for the Endangered Species Act?

President Trump has vowed to roll back any regulations restricting business, and he's made it clear that he thinks environmental regulations in the U.S. are "out of control." "Our friends that want to build in the United States, they go many, many years and then they can't get the environmental permit over something that nobody ever heard of before," he said. "And it's absolutely crazy. I am, to a large extent, an environmentalist. I believe in it. But it's out of control."

Republicans have long pushed for the easing the Endangered Species Act's regulations, and now that the GOP has control of both chambers of Congress, they could finally get some traction. Already, the Senate has held a hearing to discuss how to "modernize" the Endangered Species Act. A proponent of the act warned that in his experience, efforts to "modernize" have "almost always been code to push forward an agenda to weaken or gut" the conservation law.

How Humans On Mars Will Evolve Into A New Species .
Humans settling Mars or living in a space colony might evolve into a new species much faster than they would have on Earth, assuming they can avoid the dangers of inbreeding.Space agencies and private companies like Elon Musk’s SpaceX are trying to make space travel more sustainable, learn about how the human body responds to long-term microgravity conditions and isolation and figure out how to grow crops in outer space, among other exercises — all as people set their sights on places like Mars to explore and colonize. But what will happen to us once we get there? It’s possible the first settlers will evolve into a new human species entirely, given enough time.

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