Stephen Hawking's Most Notable Predictions
Stephen Hawking expounded on everything from artificial intelligence to aliens to the end of the human race.Load Error
The English physicist and mathematician, who made breakthrough discoveries in cosmology, was the director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge, England. Despite suffering from a rare and life-threatening condition of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), he made significant contributions to science, including his revolutionary predictions on black holes. We look at highlights from his life, career and achievements.
Born on Jan. 8, 1942, in Oxford, England, to Isobel and Frank Hawking, he was the eldest of four children in the family. His father was a medical researcher and mother was one of the first female students to have graduated from Oxford University.
'Huge inspiration' with 'a sense of humor as vast as the universe': Tributes pour in for Stephen Hawking
Figures from the scientific community and beyond came together to mark the passing of famed physicist Stephen Hawking, who died, aged 76 on Wednesday, the same day as Albert Einstein's birthday, also known as "Pi day."The academic, author and noted scientist brought complex theories to a wide audience through his bestselling book, "A Brief History of Time.
Hawking attended St. Albans School where he was an average student and was mostly interested in spending time outside the classroom inventing new things.
While his father wanted him to study medicine, he decided to pursue mathematics. However, as the subject was not taught at University College, Oxford, at the time, he took up physics. He graduated in 1962 and joined Trinity Hall, Cambridge, for a PhD in cosmology, where he started working with mathematician Roger Penrose.
Soon after joining the university, at around the age of 21, he started developing the symptoms for ALS—a disease that shuts down the nerves controlling muscles, leading to difficulty in movement, swallowing and eventually breathing. He was confined to a wheelchair, with the doctors believing that he would live for only two to three years.
Physicist Stephen Hawking Dead at 76: The Big Bang Theory Cast Pays Tribute
Stephen Hawking, the world-renowned physicist who authored A Brief History of Time, died on Wednesday morning after a decades-long battle with ALS. He was 76. Hawking’s children, Lucy, Robert and Tim, announced their father’s passing in the following statement: We are deeply saddened that our beloved father passed away today. He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years. His Hawking’s children, Lucy, Robert and Tim, announced their father’s passing in the following statement:
In 1965, despite his growing physical disabilities, he went on to marry a modern languages undergraduate Jane Wilde, with whom he has three children—Robert, Lucy and Timothy. The couple separated in 1990 and divorced in 1995.
Inspired by Penrose’s theorem of space-time singularity, he wrote a thesis in 1965 by applying the concept on the entire universe, which was approved in 1966 granting Hawking his doctorate degree. He then started working closely with Penrose. In 1968, he became a member of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge. He started working on black hole phenomena and postulated what came to be known as the second law of black hole dynamics.
In 1974, Hawking made a huge scientific revelation that black hole was not the information vacuum as earlier stated by scientists. He demonstrated how radiation can escape the gravitational force; the theory is now known as Hawking radiation. The same year, he became a Fellow of the Royal Society. Over the years, he received several accolades, including the Eddington Medal, the Pius XI Gold Medal, Dannie Heineman Prize, the Maxwell Prize, and Albert Einstein Award.
'The Theory Of Everything' Star Eddie Redmayne Praises 'Beautiful Mind' Stephen Hawking
Eddie Redmayne has described physicist Stephen Hawking, who has passed away aged 76, as “a truly beautiful mind”. Redmayne, who won an Oscar for his portrayal of Hawking in 2014 drama The Theory Of Everything, told us in a statement: “We have lost a truly beautiful mind, an astonishing scientist and the funniest man I have ever had the pleasure to meet. My love and thoughts are with his extraordinary family.” Hawking, the inspirational Redmayne, who won an Oscar for his portrayal of Hawking in 2014 drama The Theory Of Everything, told us in a statement: “We have lost a truly beautiful mind, an astonishing scientist and the funniest man I have ever had the pleasure to meet. My love and thoughts are with his extraordinary family.
In 1979, he was appointed the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the Cambridge University. With time, his medical condition deteriorated even further and he was unable to feed himself and lost control over his speech.
After a tracheotomy operation in 1985, Hawking lost his voice completely. David Mason, a computer engineer and Hawking's second wife's ex-husband, customized a speech synthesizer for the scientist's use.
In 1988, Hawking published “A Brief History of Time,” which was a simplified version of cosmology for masses. The book became a bestseller, selling over 10 million copies in 20 years.
After separating from his first wife in 1990, Hawking married his nurse Elaine Mason in 1995. The marriage lasted for 11 years and the couple got divorced in 2006.
In 1993, he published a collection of essays and lectures called “Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays.” It contained topics such as black hole thermodynamics and quantum mechanics.
Neymar’s poor-taste tribute to Stephen Hawking draws major backlash
Hawking has appeared as himself in several shows and has been portrayed and referenced to in several works of art and publications. He portrayed his own hologram on “Star Trek: The Next Generation” in 1993 and his voice was recorded and used for “The Simpsons” in 1999. The physicist has also appeared on “The Big Bang Theory” (2012, 2014, 2017). He also lent his distinctive voice for the 1994 Pink Floyd song “Keep Talking.”
Pictured: With actor Jim Parsons from "The Big Bang Theory" in Los Angeles, California, U.S.
In 2001, he wrote another book on cosmology “The Universe in a Nutshell.” It was followed by other works, including “On the Shoulders of Giants” (2002) and some children’s fiction such as “George’s Secret Key to the Universe” (2007), “George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt” (2009) and “George and the Big Bang” (2011).
In 2004, Hawking made a departure from his earlier proposition that information was lost in a black hole by saying that information can escape from a black hole and hence it is not lost, and conceded that information is returned although not in the same state.
Gal Gadot’s Seemingly Innocent Tribute To Stephen Hawking Offended Some People
Actress Gal Gadot probably didn’t mean to offend anyone with a recent tweet — but she certainly did. Stephen Hawking died Wednesday at the age of 76 from complications due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a progressive neurodegenerative disease. On the day of his death, many, including “Wonder Woman” herself, mourned the world-renowned theoretical physicist and cosmologist on social media.“Rest in peace Dr. Hawking,” Gadot wrote in a tweet. “Now you’re free of any physical constraints. Your brilliance and wisdom will be cherished forever.”Rest in peace Dr. Hawking. Now you're free of any physical constraints..
In 2007, Hawking went on a zero-gravity flight in a Boeing 747, which took off from the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, U.S.
In 2009, he retired as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. By then, he was unable to operate his wheelchair and used cheek muscles to control his speech synthesizer.
In 2010, he co-wrote a book with Leonard Mlodinow, titled “The Grand Design.” In the book, Hawking wrote: “It is not necessary to invoke God to light the blue touch paper and set the universe going.” In an interview with ABC News, he said: “One can’t prove that God doesn’t exist, but science makes God unnecessary.”
The 2014 film, "The Theory of Everything,” was based on the book “Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen,” written by Hawking’s first wife Jane Hawking. The film starred Eddie Redmayne (L) as Hawking, for which the actor won an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award and a BAFTA Award.
Hawking has received many awards, including Copley Medal (2006), Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009) and BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015).
(Pictured) U.S. President Barack Obama presents the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Hawking on Aug. 12 in Washington D.C., U.S.
In 2015, Hawking became a part of the Breakthrough Initiatives, a program funded by Russian billionaire Yuri Milner to search for life in the universe. It’s divided into multiple projects such as Breakthrough Listen, which is a $100 million project that will search one million stars for artificial radio or laser signals. While Breakthrough Message is a project that intends to create a message to be “representative of humanity and planet Earth,” the 2016 program Breakthrough Starshot aims to send series of probes to the nearest star at about 20 percent the speed of light.
What Stephen Hawking taught us about black holes
Turns out, black holes aren't so black.Load Error
Hawking was conferred an honorary doctorate by Imperial College London in July 2017. Accepting the honor, he stated, “I have always felt a deep affinity with Imperial. It gives me great pleasure to accept this honor.”
On March 14, 2018, Hawking died at the age of 76. His children, Lucy, Robert and Timothy, released a statement, "We are deeply saddened that our beloved father passed away today. He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years. His courage and persistence with his brilliance and humour inspired people across the world.” He once said, 'It would not be much of a universe if it wasn’t home to the people you love.' We will miss him forever."
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Stephen Hawking, one of the world’s most famous scientists, died Tuesday at the age of 76. The physicist was survived by his three children: Lucy, Robert and Timothy Hawking.
“He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years,” his three children said in a statement, according to the Associated Press.
Few concrete details are available about Hawking’s three children. Robert Hawking, his first child with Jane Hawking, was born in 1967 and is now a software engineer. He reportedly lives in the United States with his family. © Provided by IBT Media
Lucy Hawking, the physicist’s only daughter and second child with Jane Hawking, is an author and journalist who has penned two adult novels and three science-based stories for children, according to her website. Lucy has worked with a number of notable scientists, including her father, on her books.
Lucy was made a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society “in recognition of the work she has done in explaining science to a young audience.”
Timothy Hawking is the scientist's youngest child. While there is some speculation about whether Timothy was Stephen Hawking’s biological son, Jane Hawking “says there is no doubt that Timothy is Stephen’s child,” The Guardian reported. © Provided by IBT Media
In a rare interview in 2015, Timothy discussed his father’s motor neuron disease.
“My dad was able to speak with his own, natural voice for those first years, but it was incredibly difficult to understand what he was saying — particularly for me at such a young age,” he said in a BBC documentary. “As a 3-year-old, I had no understanding of what he was saying. I didn’t really have any communication with him for the first five years of my life.”
Timothy said that it was only when his father got a voice synthesizer that he was able to speak to him.
“It was somewhat ironic that Dad losing his voice was actually the start of us being able to form a relationship,” he said.
Stephen Hawking's ashes to be placed beside Newton and Darwin .
<p>The ashes of world famous physicist Steven Hawking will be interred in London's Westminster Abbey near the graves of ground-breaking scientists Sir Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin</p>In a statement released by the Abbey on Tuesday, the Very Reverend Dr John Hall, Dean of Westminster, said it was a "fitting" tribute to the British scientist who passed away last week at the age of 76.