World 50 nations 'curbing plastic pollution'

10:01  05 june  2018
10:01  05 june  2018 Source:   bbc.com

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Fifty nations are now taking action to reduce plastic pollution , according to the biggest report so far from the UN. What’s more, they say, good policies to curb plastic waste in many nations have failed because of poor enforcement.

Fifty nations are now taking action to reduce plastic pollution , according to the biggest report so far from the UN. What’s more, they say, good policies to curb plastic waste in many nations have failed because of poor enforcement.

Plastic bag © Getty Images Plastic bag

Fifty nations are now taking action to reduce plastic pollution, according to the biggest report so far from the UN.

It reveals that the Galapagos will ban single-use plastics, Sri Lanka will ban styrofoam and China is insisting on biodegradable bags.

But the authors warn that far more needs to be done to reduce the vast flow of plastic into rivers and oceans.

What’s more, they say, good policies to curb plastic waste in many nations have failed because of poor enforcement.

Action against plastic waste has many drivers across the world. In the UK it has been stimulated by media coverage.

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of pollution continue unchecked, there will be more plastic than fish by 2050, said United Nations The petition puts forth strong measures to curb plastic trash, which has reached an epic Eight “More than 50 percent of the ocean’s area sits beyond national jurisdiction, including the infamous ‘garbage

[Last 50 Recent Posts]. It turns out that the nation of Rwanda is taking an extremely aggressive attitude towards curbing plastic pollution .

In many developing countries, plastic bags are causing floods by blocking drains, or they’re being eaten by cattle.

The report says policies to combat plastic waste have had mixed results. In Cameroon, plastic bags are banned and households are paid for every kilo of plastic waste they collect, but still plastic bags are being smuggled in. 

In several countries, rules on plastic exist but are poorly enforced.

The report presents an A-Z of 35 potential bio substitutes for plastic. It runs from Abaca hemp (from the inedible banana Musa textilis) to Zein (from a maize protein).

The list includes rabbit fur, sea grass and foam made with fungus. It mentions QMilch, a firm that create casein textile fibres from waste milk.

It also highlights Piñatex, a plastic alternative made from pineapple leaves.

A Pilot Whale Has Died in Southern Thailand After Swallowing 17 Pounds of Plastic Waste

  A Pilot Whale Has Died in Southern Thailand After Swallowing 17 Pounds of Plastic Waste A pilot whale died last week in southern Thailand after eating more than 80 plastic bags and other debris, Agence France-Presse reports. The distressed whale was found last Monday a canal in southern Thailand near the border with Malaysia, according to officials from Thailand’s Department of Marine and Coastal Resources. A veterinary team rescued the whale and attempted to “stabilize its illness,” according to AFP, but it died Friday after vomiting five plastic bags. An autopsy exhumed 8 kg (more than 17 lb) of additional plastic rubbish from the whale’s stomach, the department said in a Facebook post.

Plastic Pollution . Volunteering to pick up trash is a good way to help the Earth. But all those plastic bottles use a lot of fossil fuels and pollute the environment. In fact, Americans buy more bottled water than any other nation in the world, adding 29 billion water bottles a year to the problem.

" Plastic pollution is one of the biggest environmental threats the planet is facing right now," Solheim emphasised. Solheim is optimistic that India can act as a catalyst for curbing pollution . 64. 50 . UK Pound.

Some policy-makers, though, are wary about hyping the potential of bio alternatives.

Early optimism by some environmentalists about biofuels backfired when rainforests were felled to grow palm oil to fuel cars.

Erik Solheim, head of UN Environment, said: "The assessment shows that action can be painless and profitable – with huge gains for people and the planet that help avert the costly downstream costs of pollution. Plastic isn’t the problem. It’s what we do with it.”

The report says levies and bans – where properly planned and enforced – have been among the most effective strategies to curb plastic waste.

But the authors also cite a fundamental need for broader cooperation from business, including obliging plastic producers to take responsibility and offering incentives to stimulate more recycling.

National actions include:

  • Botswana – retailers charged but no enforcement and controls "failed".
  • Eritrea – ban on plastic bags and dramatic decrease in drain blockage
  • Gambia – ban on plastic bags, but "reappearance after political impasse"
  • Morocco – bags banned – 421 tonnes of them seized in one year, virtually replaced by fabric
  • Bangladesh – ban on bags but lack of enforcement
  • China – was using three billion bags a year pre-2008. Now there is a ban on thin bags, use decreased 60-80% in supermarkets but not in markets.
  • Vietnam – bags are taxed but still widely used. Government considering increasing tax five times
  • Ireland – tax led to 90% fall in consumption
  • Kenya – cows ingested an average of 2.5 bags in their lifetimes. Now there's a total ban, and fines and a four-year jail term for making, importing or using them

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A photo of a bird in India with its beak shut by a plastic ring went viral. Now it has been rescued. .
The stork was the latest international symbol of the harm done to wildlife by plastic waste.A photo of the male black-necked stork spread on birding forums in India this week and captured international attention. A birder named Manoj Nair snapped the photo last Thursday evening in a wetland in Gurgaon, a suburb of India’s capital.

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