World Can the U.S. convince China to pressure North Korea?

22:20  18 april  2017
22:20  18 april  2017 Source:   CBS News

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WASHINGTON—In the wake of North Korea ’ s failed missile test over the weekend, Trump administration officials stepped up pressure on China , saying the threat has reached an inflection point that demands new urgency.

After North Korea have conducted a fourth nuclear test in January, the US have proposed new economic and geopolitical sanctions that will pressure North Korea to change its nuclear policies. These new sanctions will also place China as a principal agent in cutting off North Korea from global

During his trip to Japan, Vice President Pence promised the U.S. will “not rest” until the Korean peninsula is free of nuclear weapons.

“It is our belief by bringing together the family of nations with diplomatic and economic pressure we have a chance of achieving a freeze on the Korean peninsula,” Pence said Tuesday.

Watch: What we know about North Korea's nuclear capabilities

Of those nations, China, which accounts for an estimated 90 percent of North Korea’s trade, is integral to adding pressure on the regime.

“China has real ability to sort of impede the supply chain into North Korea. There are banks, there are businesses. So China really does have tremendous leverage. And the question is, can we bring them to a point where they’ll use it?” said Fran Townsend, CBS News senior national security analyst and former homeland security adviser to President George W. Bush.

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The Foreign Ministry says Japan is coordinating with the U . S ., South Korea and other countries and will continue efforts to convince North Korea to refrain from further Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov warned the U . S . that attempts to rely on force to pressure North Korea will not help.

with the U . S ., South Korea and other countries and will continue efforts to convince North Korea to Ryabkov warned the U . S . that attempts to rely on force to pressure North Korea will not help. The ministry says South Korea is in close discussions with others including China , North Korea ’s

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Despite President Trump’s optimism that China will use its “extraordinary levers” to pressure North Korea, there have been questions about whether Beijing is serious about working with the U.S. to hinder dictator Kim Jong Un from developing the country’s nuclear program.

Townsend said it’s important to remember China’s strategic interests.

“They don’t want to see chaos in North Korea but they also are not fans of a unified Korean peninsula because what they don’t want to see is U.S. military force on their border in a unified Korea,” Townsend said. “And so we have to understand what each country’s strategic interest is and try to play that to our best advantage.”

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After North Korea have conducted a fourth nuclear test in January, the US have proposed new economic and geopolitical sanctions that will pressure North Korea to change its nuclear policies. These new sanctions will also place China as a principal agent in cutting off North Korea from global

with the U . S ., South Korea and other countries and will continue efforts to convince North Korea to Ryabkov warned the U . S . that attempts to rely on force to pressure North Korea will not help. The ministry says South Korea is in close discussions with others including China , North Korea 's

While some diplomatic efforts played out openly between Mr. Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping, Townsend said “we also ought to expect there’s covert and clandestine activity on both sides.”

Watch: Christopher Hill on North Korea tensions, nuclear threat

“We know that North Korea has got cyber ability and we know the United States does as well as electronic warfare capability. And so while we don’t understand the details of that, behind the scenes those sorts of plays are being made,” Townsend said.

Before Mr. Trump softens any trade deals with China, Townsend said the administration needs to see “definite signs” that China is working to mount pressure on the North.

“I think the Chinese have tremendous leverage on trade, diplomacy, sanctions. There’s all sorts of things they can do. We better see that start happening pretty quickly here,” Townsend said.

While North Korea’s latest missile test Sunday failed, Townsend said the regime has made “significant progress” in their program. Last year, North Korea conducted 23 missile tests, according to the Center for Strategic and International Studies. That’s up from four missile tests in 2012.

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Standing with South Korea ’s acting president, Hwang Kyo-ahn, Pence said “all options are on the hopeful China will use “extraordinary levers” to pressure the North to abandon its nuclear weapons, Hill “So it’s a work in progress with China . The U . S . has to kind of convince the Chinese we’re not

The Foreign Ministry says Japan is coordinating with the U . S ., South Korea and other countries and will continue efforts to convince North Korea to refrain from further Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov warned the U . S . that attempts to rely on force to pressure North Korea will not help.

North Korea missile tests from 2012 to 2016 Close north-korea-missile-tests.jpg © Provided by CBS Interactive Inc. north-korea-missile-tests.jpg CBS News

In this April 15, 2017 file photo, a submarine missile is paraded across the Kim Il Sung Square during a military parade, in Pyongyang, North Korea to celebrate the 105th birth anniversary of Kim Il Sung, the country’s late founder.: nk.jpg © AP nk.jpg

State paper says China would protect a denuclearised North Korea .
<p>China would step up its protection of North Korea should the isolated state halt its nuclear programme, an editorial in a state-backed newspaper said on Thursday, as Beijing tries to ease tensions on the Korean peninsula.</p>Pyongyang's continued nuclear and missile testing programme has prompted the United States to send a navy carrier group to near the Korean peninsula in a show of force aimed at detering more tests.

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