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World ISIS is near defeat in Iraq. Now comes the hard part.

06:26  14 september  2017
06:26  14 september  2017 Source:   msn.com

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Smoke billows as Iraqi forces advance toward al-Ayadieh village, the last remaining active front line near Tal Afar, during an operation to retake the city from the Islamic State on Aug. "All the writing is on the wall that there will be another ISIS ," he said, using an acronym for the Islamic State.

Mosul, Reuters: The collapse of the Islamic State in its most important Iraqi strongholds has brought a rare moment of hope for a country mired in war for most of the past four decades. It is also a moment of peril

Smoke billows as Iraqi forces advance towards Al-Ayadieh village, the last remaining active front line near Tal Afar, during an operation to retake the city from the Islamic State on Aug. 29, 2017.© Ahmad Al-Rubaye/AFP/Getty Images Smoke billows as Iraqi forces advance towards Al-Ayadieh village, the last remaining active front line near Tal Afar, during an operation to retake the city from the Islamic State on Aug. 29, 2017.

MOSUL, Iraq — The collapse of the Islamic State in its most important Iraqi strongholds has brought a rare moment of hope for a country mired in war for most of the past four decades.

It is also a moment of peril, as Iraq emerges from the fight against the militants only to be confronted with the same problems that fueled their spectacular rise in 2014.

Old disputes between Sunnis, Shiites and Kurds over territory, resources and power already are resurfacing as the victors of the battles compete to control liberated areas or jostle for political advantage in the post-Islamic State landscape.

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ISIS is Losing; Now Comes the Hard Part | SOFREP - sofrep.com. ISIS Near Defeat in Iraq . The collapse of the Islamic State in its most important Iraqi strongholds has brought a rare moment of hope for a country mired in war for most of the past four decades.

The collapse of the Islamic State in its most important Iraqi strongholds has brought a rare moment of hope for a country mired in war for most of the past four decades. It is also a moment of peril, as Iraq emerges from the fight against the militants only to be confronted with the same problems that fueled

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These rivalries now are compounded by the mammoth task of rebuilding the towns and cities destroyed by the fighting, returning millions of displaced people to their homes and reconciling the communities that once welcomed the Islamic State’s brutal rule as preferable to their own government’s neglect and abuse.

A failure to manage the post-conflict situation risks a repeat of the cycle of grievance and insurgency that fueled the original Iraqi insurgency in 2003, and its reincarnation in the form of the Islamic State after 2011, Iraqis and other observers say.

But it is a vast and potentially insurmountable challenge, laid bare in the traumatized communities of Mosul. In the relatively unscathed eastern part of the city, life has bounced back. Traffic clogs the streets, music blares from markets and stores are piled high with consumer goods, such as cellphones, air conditioners and satellite dishes, that were banned or hard to find under Islamic State rule.

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Iran’s 1st military defeat in Iraq , IMIS withdraw from Tal Afar battle. Aug 26, 2017. Bahrain's FM says visit to Iraq part of counter-terrorism efforts. ISIS defenses in Mosul were hard to defeat , official says. Jul 22, 2017.

Share this Post. ISIS Near Defeat in Iraq . The collapse of the Islamic State in its most important Iraqi strongholds has brought a rare moment of hope for a country mired in war for most of the past four decades.

In the ravaged west, which bore the brunt of the fighting, entire neighborhoods have been leveled beyond repair. In the Old City alone, 230,000 people have been left without habitation, and “they are not going home soon; the whole district has to be rebuilt,” said Lise Grande, the deputy special representative of the United Nations mission in Iraq.

So far, there is no sign of any reconstruction effort on the scale that will be required, said Hoshyar Zebari, a former Iraqi former foreign minister who is from Mosul and now works as an adviser with the Kurdish regional government.

“All the writing is on the wall that there will be another ISIS,” he said, using an acronym for the Islamic State. “The scale of frustration. The lack of hope. The lack of government stepping in. What can you expect?”

Meanwhile, distractions loom as Iraq’s attention shifts to the long-standing political rivalries that were put on hold by the imperative of confronting the Islamic State.

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  Deir Ezzor, Syria: US-backed forces launch attack on ISIS US-backed forces in Syria said Saturday they were launching an offensive against ISIS in the eastern city of Deir Ezzor. The Syrian Democratic Forces, an alliance of mostly Kurdish and some Arab militias, said the push is designed to forcethe terror movement from eastern parts of the city -- the largest in eastern Syria and one of the largest in the country.The SDF is already fighting ISIS in its de facto capital of Raqqa, Syria, and is now aiming to clear the eastern bank of the Euphrates River of the militant fighters, a statement said.Deir Ezzor is arguably more important to ISIS than Raqqa.

ISIS Near Defeat in Iraq . Now Comes The Hard Part . by Liz Sly and Aaso Ameen Schwan - WaPo. Posted to SWJ on September 15, 2017 - 01:59pm.

“All the writing is on the wall that there will be another ISIS ,” he said, using an acronym for the Islamic State. Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has visited the kingdom, and so has the Iraqi Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, who has broken ranks with Iran’s Shiite allies in Iraq to champion calls for

The Kurdish region is pressing ahead with a referendum on independence — over the strenuous objections of Iran, Turkey and the United States — that has the potential to ignite a new war before the present one is over. The vote is reopening the contentious question of where the borders of the Kurdistan region lie, and tensions are rising in areas where the Kurdish peshmerga forces and Iranian-backed Shiite militias have been brought face-to-face by the war against the Islamic State.

Rifts are emerging within Iraq’s governing Shiite majority, which rallied behind the country’s security forces and militias — known as al-Hashd al-Shaabi, or Popular Mobilization Forces — for the sake of fighting ISIS. There are sharp divergences, however, over the future identity of their country, over whether it should tilt further toward Iran or maintain an alliance with the United States, and over how far to go to reconcile minority Sunnis with the Shiites.

These issues are expected to come to the fore in elections due in the spring of 2018 that could become a focus for conflict as the political parties behind the powerful Iranian-backed militias that played a big role in the fighting seek to capitalize on their victories on the battlefield by winning a bigger share in parliament.

Iraq sentences ISIS foreign fighter to death

  Iraq sentences ISIS foreign fighter to death A Russian national convicted of being an ISIS fighter has been sentenced to death by a court in Baghdad, Iraq's High Judicial Council announced Tuesday. This is the first time that a foreign ISIS fighter in Iraq has received a death sentence. The man was arrested by Iraqi forces during an operation to retake the eastern bank of Mosul -- the country's second largest city -- from ISIS earlier this year. In July, Iraq's Prime Minister announced that all of Mosul had been recaptured from the terror group.

ISIS is near defeat in Iraq . Now comes the hard part A failure to manage the post-conflict landscape could tear the country apart again, perhaps before the militants have been fully vanquished.

ISIS wasn't in Iraq until after the US invaded it. 0 replies 0 retweets 0 likes. Replying to @washingtonpost. Yeah.. i know the hard part , It's trump.

The country’s Sunnis are in disarray, scattered among refugee camps or returning to wrecked homes in towns and cities that have been laid waste. Some 2 million of the 5 million people displaced by the fighting over the past three years have returned home. But 3.2 million still live as refugees, mainly in dismal camps, according to the United Nations. Many have no homes to which they can return, and others fear retribution from neighbors or the security forces, Grande said.

In Mosul, there is relief that the militants have gone but also trepidation about what the future holds. Multiple militias roam the streets, loyal to a variety of political masters, government ministers, tribal leaders and members of parliament. The government security forces are spread thin, and some have been withdrawn and deployed elsewhere for the other battles still to be fought before the final territorial defeat of the militants.

Some of the armed men in Mosul are local Sunnis, trained as part of a U.S.-promoted initiative to include locals in the city’s future security arrangements. Others are members of the Iranian-backed Shiite militias that were kept out of the battle for fear they would inflame sectarian tensions, but which have moved in to set up offices and recruit local allies.

ISIS Convoy Reportedly Crosses Syria, at Russia’s Request

  ISIS Convoy Reportedly Crosses Syria, at Russia’s Request An Islamic State convoy of buses with fighters and family members aboard finally gets to ISIS territory in eastern Syria, after Russia asks American planes to stay away.There was no official confirmation of the reports, which were from credible contacts in eastern Syria that were monitored in Damascus, the capital. A spokesman for the coalition, Col. Ryan Dillon, said early Thursday in Baghdad that he had no comment on the matter. The reports said that the remnants of the convoy, which originally carried 600 Islamic State fighters and their family members, had reached Mayadin in eastern Deir al-Zour Province, near the border with Iraq.

ISIS is near defeat in Iraq . Now comes the hard part . Today’s coverage from Post correspondents around the world. Like Washington Post World on Facebook and stay updated on foreign news.

The already complex task of post- ISIS regional stabilization may have been made harder by developments this week in Iraq where government security forces clashed with Kurdish Peshmerga and seized the oil-rich city of Kirkuk. Kurdish forces had controlled Kirkuk since 2014 when Iraqi forces

The militias are needed because there are not enough police and other security-forces personnel to keep the city safe, said Mohammed al-Sayyab, a businessman originally from the majority-Shiite city of Basra who heads a small Sunni fighting force controlled by the minister of education. “We cannot say it is 100 percent safe. It is 70 percent safe,” he said. “There are still ISIS sleeper cells. We are working to clear them, but we are up against a very clever enemy.”

Few think the Islamic State has gone away. Everyone, it seems, has a story about someone they know who was with the Islamic State and has reappeared in their neighborhoods, sometimes after being detained and released. Corruption within the security forces and judiciary contributes to the perception that Islamic State fighters have bought their way out of prison.

Omran Mohammed Bashir, 32, who runs a laundry in eastern Mosul, ticked off on his fingers the former Islamic State members he has seen around his area and elsewhere in the city. Among them are a relative who has not been detained, even though her father reported her to the security services, and a man who commanded the fighters in Bashir’s neighborhood; Bashir ran into the man while visiting a different part of Mosul.

“I don’t think there will be any support for another insurgency. The people of Mosul have learned a lesson,” he said. “But it’s unpredictable what will happen, especially if the situation continues like this, with no reconstruction and corruption inside the government.”

U.N. votes to help Iraq collect evidence against Islamic State

  U.N. votes to help Iraq collect evidence against Islamic State U.N. investigators can help Iraq collect evidence to build potential war crimes cases against Islamic State extremists, the Security Council decided Thursday.The council unanimously passed a resolution that asks the U.N. to establish an investigative team to help Iraq preserve evidence "that may amount to war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide" committed by the Islamic State group. Iraq and Britain spearheaded the measure.

[ ISIS is near defeat in Iraq . Now comes the hard part .] Foreign fighters captured in Iraq have been held by the Iraqi military, which has said it would try them — this week it sentenced a Russian-born Islamic State fighter to death.

The Iraqi military seized the village from ISIS in March, as a part of a grinding march toward the city of Mosul, a major city that has been under ISIS control since June 2014. Kurdish Peshmerga at a small outpost near Makhmour, Kurdistan, northern Iraq , May 8, 2016. Ultimately defeating ISIS in

But Iraq has no budget for reconstruction, government officials say. Years of declining oil prices and the financial demands of the war against the Islamic State have left the country bankrupt, forced last year to take a bailout from the International Monetary Fund.

The absence of a discernible reconstruction plan in turn fuels perceptions among Sunnis that the Shiite-led government is neglecting them, said Hassan Alaf, the deputy governor of Nineveh, the province in which Mosul lies.

“It seems some of the politicians are not keen to bring life back to Mosul,” he said. “We still suffer from sectarian conflict and its implications are reflected in the reconstruction.”

It will be left to the international community to come up with the money to repair the damage, much of it caused by the relentless airstrikes and artillery bombardments conducted under the auspices of the U.S.-led coalition formed to fight the Islamic State, according to Grande, the U.N. representative. The United Nations is planning a fundraising conference in Kuwait this month at which it will seek up to $100 billion in donations for Iraqi reconstruction.

But the countries that so enthusiastically prosecuted the war are proving less willing to pay to fix the resulting damage, U.N. and aid agency officials say. The U.S. military has spent $14.3 billion on fighting ISIS in Iraq and Syria over the past three years, according to Pentagon figures, but just 10 percent of that — or $1.4 billion — on repairs.

The State Department has asked for $300 million to fund basic repairs such as fixing electricity and water systems in 2018, but the United States does not plan to contribute to the reconstruction effort. The military coalition led by the United States against the Islamic State “is not in the business of nation-building or reconstruction,” Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said earlier this year.

One glimmer of hope lies in a recent rapprochement between the Iraqi government and Saudi Arabia, which have been icily estranged since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion brought a Shiite-dominated government to power in Baghdad. Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has visited the kingdom, and so has the Iraqi Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, who has broken ranks with Iran’s Shiite allies in Iraq to champion calls for reconciliation with Sunnis.

U.S. and U.N. officials are hoping that the wealthy Arab states of the Persian Gulf will offer to provide much of the funding. But they are embroiled in their own conflicts, disputes and budget shortfalls, and may not have the will or inclination to come up with the many billions of dollars required.

Kareem Fahim, Louisa Loveluck and Mustafa Salim contributed to this report.

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